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Species Operophtera brumata - Winter Moth - Hodges#7436

winter moth - Operophtera brumata - female female winter moth - Operophtera brumata - female Operophtera brumata - Female - Operophtera brumata - female Wingless Moth Oregon - Operophtera brumata - female Wingless Moth Oregon - Operophtera brumata - female Winter Moth  - Operophtera brumata - female Winter Moth? - Operophtera brumata - female November moth with veins - Operophtera brumata - male
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Subfamily Larentiinae
Tribe Operophterini
Genus Operophtera
Species brumata (Winter Moth - Hodges#7436)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Operophtera brumata, (Linnaeus, 1758)
one of three species in the genus for North America north of Mexico
wingspan is 28–33 mm
Females of this genus have vestigial wings

Comparison of Operophtera brumata and O. bruceata, uncus is shown, the scales have been brushed off the tail of the abdomen.
Native to Europe, introduced to Northeast and Pacific Northwest, pest species in areas such as Boston. Established in the NW since the 1970s
adult males seen October to February and often attracted to lights
larvae feed on willow, trembling aspen, paper birch, balsam poplar, and bigleaf maple
this introduced species is a serious pest (defoliator)

Print References
Gwiazdowski, R.A., J.S. Elkinton, J.R. Dewaard, M. Sremac, 2013. Phylogeographic Diversity of the Winter Moths Operophtera brumata and O. bruceata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) in Europe and North America. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 106 (2): 143-151.
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - species page with photographs of living and pinned adults.