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Genus Limonia

Limoniid Crane Fly - Limonia annulata - female Crane fly ovipositing in horse manure - Limonia duplicata - female  Culicidae to black light - Limonia - female Nectaring Crane Fly? - Limonia  Limonia cinctipes - Limonia limoniid crane fly - Limonia rara - male Gallinipper? - Limonia 2018-10-04 Sparsely spotted crane fly - Limonia
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Tipulomorpha (Crane Flies)
Family Limoniidae (Limoniid Crane Flies)
Tribe Limoniini
Genus Limonia
143 species in North America (
more than 2,000 species in 41 subgenera worldwide
10-12 mm
antennae with 12 flagellomeres; radial sectorial vein with two branches
Adults in the subgenus/genus Geranomyia are characterized by elongate mouthparts used for taking nectar from flowers. They display an up-and-down bobbing motion on the surface of rocks or leaves. This bobbing is especially noticeable immediately after the fly has landed or when it has been disturbed.
The larvae feed mainly on algae.
Life Cycle
The larvae spend their lives in gelatinous tubes constructed on rocks covered with algal growth, where the surface is constantly wet along streams or vertical cliffs.
Internet References
The Crane Flies of Pennsylvania (Dr. Chen Young, Carnegie Museum of Natural History)