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For the United States & Canada
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Species Polistes aurifer - Golden Paper Wasp

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Hoskins, J.W. (2017) Paper Wasps: A Quick Guide to US Polistes Species
This is a primarily textual guide designed to follow identification based on typical color patterns. It is strictly non-technical in the sense that microscopic traits are avoided when not absolutely necessary. As such, it does not replace a true species key but instead should suffice to introduce the range of color patterns found both across species and within species.

Each species entry is divided into sections including:
• body color (general pattern)
• diagnosis (detailed traits that typically suggest that species)
• similar species (a list of species that share similar colora

James M. Carpenter. Distributional checklist of species of the genus Polistes (Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Polistinae, Polistini)
A digital version of the 1996 paper with taxonomic updates through 2006.

Papers in Polistes
Papers on Polistes species of the world.

Identification Atlas of the Vespidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) of the northeastern Nearctic region
Extensive web site with keys, descriptions. Authors: Matthias Buck, Stephen A. Marshall, and David K.B. Cheung. Excellent!
Link updated 4/16/22 as per comment.

Ascher J.S., Pickering J. (2017) Discover Life bee species guide and world checklist (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila)

Finnamore A.T. (1998) Aculeate wasps (excluding Formicidae) [of the Montane Cordillera Ecozone]
no longer available

Kroupa A.S. (2020) The Hymenoptera of Central America eXtended. Version 2.0

Wasps of Illinois
Angella Moorehouse has created a color guide to some of the Hymenoptera that can be found in Illinois. Can be downloaded free from The Field Museum.

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