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Family Oestridae - Bot Flies

Deer Bot Fly - Cephenemyia female bot fly - Cuterebra ruficrus - female Large fly - horse fly? - Cuterebra Bot Fly? - Cephenemyia Black Carpenter Bee, Very Large Fly or ??? - Cuterebra Cuterebra Large speckled grub - Cuterebra big eyed bug - Cuterebra
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon (Calyptratae)
Superfamily Oestroidea
Family Oestridae (Bot Flies)
Other Common Names
Warble Flies
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
the constituent groups currently considered subfamilies used to be treated as families for a long time
Explanation of Names
Oestridae Leach 1815
>40 spp. in 6 genera of 3 subfamilies in our area(1) and ~180 spp. in 30 genera of 4 subfamilies worldwide(2)(3)
Large, stout bodied flies that resemble bees.
worldwide; the Hypodermatinae (30 spp. in 8 genera) are primarily restricted to Eurasia, but a few species are introduced or found across the arctic (4)(5)(1)
adults do not feed (mouthparts atrophied), larvae are endoparasites of various mammals(6)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Phylogeny and evolution of bot flies
T. Pape. 2006. In: The oestrid flies: Biology, host–parasite relationships, impact and management (D.D. Colwell et al., eds): 20-50.
3.Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification...
Pape T., Blagoderov V., Mostovski M.B. 2011. Zootaxa 3148: 222–229.
4.Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Gary Mullen, Lance Durden. 2002. Academic Press.
6.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.