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Family Elmidae - Riffle Beetles

Promoresia elegans elmid species 3 - Dubiraphia quadrinotata elmid - Zaitzevia parvula Riffle Beetle larva? - Stenelmis Microcylloepus formicoideus Phanocerus clavicornis Elmidae? - Stenelmis Priobium sp.? - Macrelmis texana
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga
No Taxon (Series Elateriformia)
Superfamily Byrrhoidea
Family Elmidae (Riffle Beetles)
Explanation of Names
Elmidae Curtis 1830
ca. 100 spp. in 26 genera in our area; NA fauna is relatively well-known(1)(2); ~1500 spp. in ~150 genera worldwide(3)
Overview of our faunaTaxa not yet in the guide are marked (*)
Subfamily Elminae
Subfamily Larainae
keys to genera based on adult and larval characters in(4)
worldwide and throughout NA(1)(5)
larvae and most adults aquatic; usually live in rapid cool streams(1); "the most truly aquatic of our water beetles"(6)
adults and larvae can be found year-round(1)
decayed plant material, algae(6)
Print References
Burke H.R. (1963) Notes on Texas riffle beetles (Coleoptera: Elmidae). Southwestern Nat. 8(2): 111-114. (7)
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.Aquatic dryopoid beetles (Coleoptera) of the United States
Brown H.P. 1972. USEPA Water Poll. Control Res. Ser., Vol. 6. ix+82 pp.
3.Order Coleoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification...
Ślipiński S.A., Leschen R.A.B., Lawrence J.F. 2011. Zootaxa 3148: 203–208.
4.Aquatic Insects of North America
R. W. Merritt, K. W. Cummins, M.B. Berg. 2008. Kendall/Hunt.
5.A catalog of Coleoptera of America North of Mexico. Elmidae
Brown H.P. 1983. USDA Agriculture handbook no. 529-143b. x + 23 pp.
6.The Water Beetles of Florida
Epler J.H. 2010. Florida Department of Environmental Protection. Tallahassee. 414 pp.
7.Notes on Texas riffle beetles (Coleoptera, Elmidae)
Horace R. Burke. 1963. The Southwestern Naturalist, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 111-114 .