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Species Orthodes majuscula - Rustic Quaker - Hodges#10585

Caterpillar - Orthodes majuscula caterpillar on a fern - Orthodes majuscula Brown caterpillar - Orthodes majuscula Orthodes crenulata - Orthodes majuscula Orthodes majuscula  - Orthodes majuscula Orthodes majuscula Orthodes majuscula Rustic Quaker - Orthodes majuscula
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Eriopygini
Genus Orthodes
Species majuscula (Rustic Quaker - Hodges#10585)
Hodges Number
10585
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Orthodes majuscula Herrich-Schäffer, 1868
Orthodes crenulata (Butler, 1890)
Phylogenetic sequence # 933136 (1)
Explanation of Names
MAJUSCULA: a Latin word, the feminine of majusculus, meaning "somewhat larger", as in the majuscules (large capital letters) used in medieval manuscripts
Orthodes majuscula is somewhat larger than closely-related Quaker moths such as Cynical, Ruddy, and Small Brown Quaker
Size
Powell & Opler (2009) listed the forewing length 12-14 mm. (2)
Identification
Adult: forewing medium gray or brown with black triangle on collar and large pale-margined orbicular and reniform spots, often touching; AM and ST lines straight, pale yellow or whitish; PM line same color, bent at sharp angle just below reniform spot; black spots on veins below PM line; terminal line crenulate (many small scallops) almost touching outer margin; hindwing dark grayish-brown.
Specimen identified by DNA analysis:


Genitalia:
Range
Alberta eastward across Canada, eastern United States; Arizona.
Season
The adults fly from February to November but can probably be found year round in the southern most states.
Food
The larvae feed on wide variety of plants, including dandelion, plantain, grasses, and willow.
Print References
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press. p. 306; pl. 56, fig. 23. (2)
Wagner, D.L., Schweitzer, D.F., Sullivan, J.B. & R.C. Reardon, 2011. Owlet Caterpillars of Eastern North America. Princeton University Press. p. 517.(3)