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Class Diplura - Two-pronged Bristletails

Japygidae species - Metajapyx subterraneus Haplocampa sp. nov - Haplocampa Insect Japygid Forcepstails, lateral head, thorax - Parajapyx isabellae Sabino campodeid Diplura Bristletail/Forcepstail
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Diplura (Two-pronged Bristletails)
Other Common Names
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Formerly classified as part of Order Thysanura (an older term, now replaced by Zygentoma).

Order Diplura was promoted to class Diplura when Entognatha was found to by polyphyletic.
Explanation of Names
Diplura: from "diplos" (double) + "oura" (tail)
124 species in 23 genera in 5 families in North America listed at
4-5 families, 64-70 species in North America, according to Tree of Life and Insects of Cedar Creek
2-50 mm, but most commonly 7-10 mm.
1-segmented tarsi, chewing mouthparts that are concealed in a pouch, and 2 appendages called cerci at the tip of the abdomen. (1)
Soft-bodied, elongated, slender. Head large, antennae longer than head. Eyes and ocelli absent. Wingless. Legs short, slender. Abdomen long and slender.
Under leaves, stones, bark, or logs on the ground. (1). Secretive and nocturnal.
They are part of the community of decomposers that help break down and recycle organic nutrients.
Life Cycle
Nymphs are diminutive versions of adults. (1)
Original page for order Diplura contributed by tom murray with additional contributions by cotinis, Beatriz Moisset, Robin McLeod, Phillip Harpootlian, and Lynette Schimming.
See Also
Zygentoma are thicker, have more exposed mouthparts, and 3- or 4-segmented tarsi. (1).
Print References