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Class Diplura - Two-pronged Bristletails

Japygidae - Parajapyx isabellae Campodeidae SBBG-SCL-TIC_000183 Translucent Cave Bug Campodeidae? Bristletail/Forcepstail Japygid in Maryland Occasjapyx americanus? - Evalljapyx saundersi
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Diplura (Two-pronged Bristletails)
Other Common Names
Diplurans
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Order Diplura was promoted to class Diplura when Entognatha was found to by polyphyletic.
Explanation of Names
Diplura Börner 1904
'double-tailed'
Numbers
~160 species in >30 genera in 6 families in North America, >1000/141/10 total
Size
2‒50 mm, but most commonly 7‒10 mm
Identification
1-segmented tarsi, chewing mouthparts that are concealed in a pouch, and 2 appendages called cerci at the tip of the abdomen. (1)
Soft-bodied, elongated, slender. Head large, antennae longer than head. Eyes and ocelli absent. Wingless. Legs short, slender. Abdomen long and slender.
Range
Cosmopolitan
Habitat
Under leaves, stones, bark, or logs on the ground(1). Secretive and nocturnal.
Food
They are part of the community of decomposers that help break down and recycle organic nutrients.
See Also
Zygentoma are thicker, have more exposed mouthparts, and 3- or 4-segmented tarsi(1)
Print References
(2)
https://resjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/icad.12480