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Family Pieridae - Whites, Sulphurs, Yellows

 
 
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A review of three species-level taxa of the Anthocharis sara complex (Lepidoptera: Pieridae: Pierinae: Anthocharidini)
By Stout, T.L.
Insecta Mundi, 0615: 1–38, 2018
Abstract and PDF available at Florida Online Journals here.

cite:1513940

Ecological factors which influence migratory behavior in two butterflies of the semi-arid shrublands of South Texas.
By Gilbert, L.E.
Marine Science Institute, Port Aransas. 27: 724-747., 1985
Gilbert, L.E. 1985. Ecological factors which influence migratory behavior in two butterflies of the semi-arid shrublands of South Texas. Pp. 724-747 in: M.A. Rankin. (editor). Migration: Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance. Contributions in Marine Science Supplement Vol. 27. Marine Science Institute, Port Aransas.

Full PDF

Seminal paper on American Snout (Libytheana carinenta)and Lyside Sulphur (Kricogonia lyside) outbreaks in South Texas.

Abstract:
Temporal and spatial patterns of drought and rainfall influence patterns of host leaf production and extent of parasitoid-induced mortality in south Texas Lepidoptera. These factors can in turn interact to induce population outbreak and migratory flight in Libytheana and Kricogonia, two butterflies which depend upon new growth of the shrubs Celtis and Porlieria respectively. Differences between these shrubs in seasonal phenology and resistance to, or response to, defoliation result in asynchronous migratory flights and different degrees of sexual dimorphism for onset of migratory flight by the two insects. Adults of both butteffly species may respond to declining resources by entering reproductive diapause locally, or by initiating migratory flight. However, details of such responses vary with species and time of year and remain a fertile direction for future research.

Additional taxonomic refinements suggested by genomic analysis of butterflies.
By Zhang, J., Q. Cong, J. Shen, L. Song, P.A. Opler and N.V. Grishin
Taxonomic Report of the international Lepidoptera Survey 11(1): 1-25, 22 figs., 2023
Link to download - Zenoobo

Zhang, Jing, Qian Cong, Jinhui Shen, Leina Song, Paul Alexander Opler and Nikolay Vyacheslav Grishin. 2023. Additional taxonomic refinements suggested by genomic analysis of butterflies. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 11(1): 1-25, 22 figs.

Abstract:

Comparative analyses of genomic data reveal further insights into the phylogeny and taxonomic classification of butterflies presented here. As a result, 2 new subgenera and 2 new species of Hesperiidae are described: Borna Grishin, subgen.

Genomic evidence suggests further changes of butterfly names
By Zhang, J., Q. Cong, J. Shen, P.A. Opler, N.V. Grishin
Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey, 8(7): 1-41., 2020
Zhang, J., Q. Cong, J. Shen, P.A. Opler, N.V. Grishin, 2020. Genomic evidence suggests further changes of butterfly names. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey, 8(7): 1-41.

Butterflies of Pennsylvania, a field guide
By James L. Monroe, David M. Wright
University of Pittsburgh Press
From the publishers page:
https://upittpress.org/books/9780822964551/

This work has all of the features that make field guides to a region's butterfly fauna useful to anyone with a serious interest in that fauna. . . . the book is a bargain and a must for anyone with an interest not just in Pennsylvania's fauna, but the northeast fauna as a whole.
News of the Lepidopterists' Society

Winner, 2017 National Outdoor Book Award

....................................

Though I am in the southeast, I own this field guide and find it very useful - Roy Cohutta Brown.

The Tent Caterpillars
By Terrence D. Fitzgerald
Cornell University Press, 1995
All aspects of the biology of tent caterpillars.
Comprehensive.

ISBN-13: 978-0801424564
ISBN-10: 0801424569

Butterflies of Oregon, Their Taxonomy, Distribution, and Biology
By Andrew D. Warren
C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Dept. of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, 2005
408 pages

Book / paper is referenced extensively by other authors (Pyle, James, Nunnallee, etc.)
in their butterfly books about Cascadia / Pacific Northwest.

A Swift Guide to Butterflies of North America: Second Edition
By Jeffrey Glassberg
Princeton University Press, 2017
Publisher's Page
This is a revised second edition of the most detailed, comprehensive, and user-friendly photographic field guide to the butterflies of North America. Written by Jeffrey Glassberg, the pioneering authority on the field identification of butterflies, the guide covers all known species, beautifully illustrating them with 3,500 large, gorgeous color photographs—the very best images available. This second edition includes more than 500 new photos and updated text, maps, and species names. For most species, there are photographs of topsides and undersides, males and females, and variants. All text is embedded in the photographs, allowing swift access in the field, and arrows point to field marks, showing you exactly what to look for. Detailed, same-page range maps include information about the number of broods in each area and where strays have been recorded. Color text boxes highlight information about habitat, caterpillar food plants, abundance and flight period, and other interesting facts. Also included are a quick visual index and a caterpillar food plant index. The result is an ideal field guide that will enable you to identify almost every butterfly you see.

 
 
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