Family Pieridae - Whites, Sulphurs, Yellows
Ecological factors which influence migratory behavior in two butterflies of the semi-arid shrublands of South Texas.By Gilbert, L.E.
Marine Science Institute, Port Aransas. 27: 724-747., 1985
Gilbert, L.E. 1985. Ecological factors which influence migratory behavior in two butterflies of the semi-arid shrublands of South Texas. Pp. 724-747 in
: M.A. Rankin. (editor). Migration: Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance. Contributions in Marine Science Supplement Vol. 27. Marine Science Institute, Port Aransas.
Seminal paper on American Snout (Libytheana carinenta
)and Lyside Sulphur (Kricogonia lyside
) outbreaks in South Texas.
Temporal and spatial patterns of drought and rainfall influence patterns of host leaf production and extent of parasitoid-induced mortality in south Texas Lepidoptera. These factors can in turn interact to induce population outbreak and migratory flight in Libytheana
, two butterflies which depend upon new growth of the shrubs Celtis
respectively. Differences between these shrubs in seasonal phenology and resistance to, or response to, defoliation result in asynchronous migratory flights and different degrees of sexual dimorphism for onset of migratory flight by the two insects. Adults of both butteffly species may respond to declining resources by entering reproductive diapause locally, or by initiating migratory flight. However, details of such responses vary with species and time of year and remain a fertile direction for future research.
An annotated checklist of the butterflies of Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State park and vicinity.By McGuire, W.W. & M.A. Richard.
Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, Austin. Mimeograph pp. 1-22., 1974
McGuire, W.W. & M.A. Richard. 1974. An annotated checklist of the butterflies of Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State park and vicinity. Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, Austin. Mimeograph pp. 1-22.
Introduction (in part)
The species listed here in are primarily a result of the collecting by the authors during the period 1972-1973. Certain important records of the previous several years are also included. Additionally, the checklist incorporates records of a number of other lepidopterists. The primary focus of the checklist, then, is upon recent collecting, rather than being an attempt to list all known records from the Mid-Valley area.
The butterfly fauna of Barton Creek Canyon on the Balcones Fault Zone, Austin, Texas, and a regional list.By Durden, C.J.
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 36(1): 1-17., 1982
Durden, C.J. 1982. The butterfly fauna of Barton Creek Canyon on the Balcones Fault Zone, Austin, Texas, and a regional list. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 36(1): 1-17.
ABSTRACT. Diversity of substrate, topography and water supply, and climate and vegetation account for the occurrence of 74% of the regional fauna along a 1.1 km stretch of Barton Creek. Monthly mean weather records for 40 years are analyzed on a bioclimagram and the modes matched with habitat types. 172 species are listed for the ten counties around Austin, and range, habitat, abundance, and residency are indicated for the 127 found at the study site.
Butterflies of the upper Frio-Sabinal region, central Texas, and distribution of fauna elements across the Edwards Plateau.By Gaskin, D.E.
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 52(3): 229-261., 1998
Gaskin, D.E. 1998. Butterflies of the upper Frio-Sabinal region, central Texas, and distribution of fauna elements across the Edwards Plateau. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 52(3): 229-261.
ABSTRACT. A survey of the butterfly fauna (1988-96) of the upper Frio-Sabinal region of the southern Edwards Plateau, Texas, is presented. Butterflies were observed along transects at five study sites and during repeated opportunistic transects at 12 secondary localities. A total of 28,03.5 specimens, comprising 100 species was recorded.
Butterfly gardening in the south: Cultivating plants that attract butterflies.By Geyata Ajilvsgi.
Taylor Publishing Co., Dallas. xii + 342 pp., 1990
Geyata Ajilvsgi. 1990. Butterfly gardening in the south: Cultivating plants that attract butterflies. Taylor Publishing Co., Dallas. xii + 342 pp.
select quotes from Miller's Review
Novice and master gardeners in the southern U.S., particularly in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas, have an extraordinary treat in store with this volume.
There are special sections of the book devoted to creating a personal butterfly garden and to methods of attracting butterflies, highlighted by personal observations on such topics as the important characteristics of floral nectaries (color, shape and fragrance) and how to choose the appropriate plants, with one of my favorites-adopt a weed.