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Family Oxycarenidae

Dycoderus picturatus Uhler --Lectotype - Dycoderus picturatus - male bug 73 - Crophius schwarzi Oxycarenus hyalinipennis Insect species - Oxycarenus lavaterae Sphaeralcea hemipterans - Crophius Hemiptera - Crophius Crophius scabrosus? - Mayana ramosus Crophius scabrosus? - Crophius
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Lygaeoidea
Family Oxycarenidae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
formerly treated under Lygaeidae
Explanation of Names
Oxycarenidae Stål 1862
12 spp. in 6 genera in our area (of which 2 genera with 2 spp. are adventive), ~150 spp. in 23 genera worldwide (over a third of the spp. in Oxycarenus)(1)(2)
Hemelytra distinctly punctate, at least on the clavi. Central area of scutellum usually not separated from posterior edge of pronotum by a distinct transverse groove. Abdomen at least as long as thorax. Apex of corium and membrane not extending past abdomen. Clavi with median commissure behind scutellum long and present. Scutellum about equal in length to claval commissure. Abdominal sterna not striated. Hind coxae widely separated. Ostiolar peritreme very large and auriculate. Pronotal punctures each with a short glandular hair (3).
key to genera in(4)
worldwide, mostly Old World, esp. Palaearctic & Afrotropical(2); in NA, more diverse in the west(5)
seed-eaters; hosts include plants in a dozen families (there are cotton pests in this family, but not in NA)(2)
Life Cycle
usually univoltine(2)
Works Cited
1.Dellapé P.M., Henry T.J. (2016) Lygaeoidea species file. Version 5.0
2.Zoological catalogue of Australia: Hemiptera: Heteroptera (Pentatomomorpha)
Cassis G., Gross G.F. 2002. CSIRO Publishing, 751 pp.
3.Seed Bugs of Virginia (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae)
Richard L. Hoffman. 1996. Virginia Museum of Natural History.
4.Resurrection of the genera Crophius Stål and Mayana Distant from synonymy under Anomaloptera Amyot and Serville...
Henry T.J., Dellapé P.M., Scudder G.G.E. 2015. Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 117: 367-380.
5.How to Know the True Bugs
Slater, James A., and Baranowski, Richard M. 1978. Wm. C. Brown Company.