Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
24 spp. in our area, ~60 total(1)
Euphoria anneae - Texas Gulf Coast
Euphoria areata - eastern US
Euphoria basal - Texas (along border with Mexico)
Euphoria biguttata – Texas, USA thru Honduras
Euphoria canescens – Arizona, USA thru Honduras
Euphoria casselberryi - Texas
Euphoria devulsa – Texas and New Mexico
Euphoria discicollis - central United States
Euphoria fascifera - California, Arizona, and New Mexico
Euphoria fulgida - most of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains
Euphoria herbacea - eastern Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Texas to the east coast
Euphoria hirtipes - Central US
Euphoria inda - United States (widespread)
Euphoria levinotata – Arizona and New Mexico
Euphoria leucographa – Arizona and New Mexico, USA, Mexico and Guatemala
Euphoria limbalis - Florida
Euphoria kernii - Arizona to central United States
Euphoria monticolla - Arizona and New Mexico
Euphoria pilipennis - central United States
Euphoria quadricollis - Arizona
Euphoria schotti - Arizona and New Mexico
Euphoria sepulcralis - most of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains
Euphoria sonorae – Arizona and New Mexico, Mexico
Euphoria verticalis - Arizona and New Mexico, Mexico
Medium-sized, rather wide and flattened diurnal scarabs. Rather hairy underneath and on sides, giving them a cute, almost teddy-bear appearance. Flight is buzzy, like a bee or fly. Elytra apparently do not open in flight, which perhaps contributes to the buzzy sound--see this illustration of E. fulgida
. Seen on flowers or buzzing about forest floors and diving abruptly into leaf litter.
Most eastern species can be told apart at a glance by color pattern: see, from left to right, dorsal/ventral views of E. fulgida, E. herbacea, E. inda, E. sepulcralis
across NA and the New World(1)
Fields, meadows, thickets
Apr-Jul, some species into Oct in NC
Adults visit flowers (for pollen and/or nectar) and rotting fruit, larvae feed on organic matter in soil
Larvae usually in decaying wood, vegetation, dung. Eggs deposited in summer near these food sources. Larvae, or perhaps pupae, overwinter. Adults emerge in early summer. Males often seen searching for newly-emerged females. Larvae may be associated with ants and live as scavengers in ant nests (primarily those of Formica obscuripes). "E. inda [...] is commonly seen buzzing over Formica mounds in spring. On descending to the mound it is immediately covered by ants. E. fulgida [...] is much less common and is generally found at Prunus or Amelanchier blooms in the spring." (Insects of Cedar Creek)
Skelley (1991) located E. areata
) larvae in the mounds of the pocket gopher, Geomys pinetus
. Published accounts are consistent with respect to spring emergence, presence in sandy habitats, and a potential lack of adult feeding or liquid feeding in this genus (Lago et al. 1979; Skelley 1991).(2)
Hardy A.R. (1988) Studies in the Euphoriina of the Americas (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). I. Introduction and generic concepts. Col. Bull. 42: 1-9.
Hardy A.R. (2001) Studies in the Euphoriina of the Americans (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) II. Status of names in Euphoria, types and synonymies, with notes on the South American species. Pan-Pac. Entomol. 77: 127-143.
Paulsen M.J. (2002) Obsertations on possible myrmecophily in Stephartucha pilipennis Kraatz (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae) in western Nebraska. Col. Bull. 56: 451-452.
Skelley P.E. (1991) Observations on the biology of Stephanucha thoracica Casey (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae). Col. Bull. 45: 176-188.