Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
~80 spp. in 9 genera of 4 subfamilies in our area(1)
, ~500 spp. in 66 genera of 11 subfamilies worldwide(1)(2)
(our spp. to ~30 mm?); neotropical Gauromydas heros
is world's largest dipteran(1)
Large flies, often wasp mimics. Have prominent, clubbed antennae and distinctive wing venation:
Artigas & Papavero (1990) contains a key to the genera of Mydidae in the Americas
. Note that the majority of genera treated in Artigas & Papavero are restricted to meso- and South America and thus do not occur in our area...but those that do are listed in the "Numbers" section above.
Worldwide, primarily in tropical and subtropical regions (most diverse in Subsaharan, esp. so. Africa but poorly represented in the Oriental Region), with some representation in temperate climes(1)
; in our area, most spp. have restricted distribution, mostly in sw. US(3)
. Mydas clavatus
is widespread, largely eastern.
Primarily in arid environments, although quite a few species occur in forests(1)
, e.g., Mydas clavatus
Life cycle details not known for many groups; generally, larvae live in decaying wood or soil; some known to prey on beetle larvae(3)
Larva and pupa of Mydas clavatus:
of large spider wasps (Pompilidae: Pepsis
) by Mydas flies is discussed in(4)
- Robber Flies (Mydas flies have prominent clubbed antennae, different wing venation).
Artigas, J. N, & N. Papavero (1990). "Studies on Mydidae (Diptera): V. Phylogenetic and biogeographic notes, key to the American genera and illustrations of spermathecae". Gayana Zool. 54(3-4): 87-116 (Full Text
Hardy, D. E. (1944). New Asilidae and Mydaidae (Diptera) in the Snow Collection. Canad. Ent. 76: 226-230.
Hardy, D. E. (1950). "The Nearctic Nomoneura
(Diptera:Mydaidae)". Wasmann Journal of Biology 8
: 9-37. (Full Text
Johnson, C. W. (1926). “A revision of some of the North American species of Mydaidae”, Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, vol. 38, pp. 131–145
Osten-Saken, C. R. (1886) "Family Midaidae" in: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Insecta. Diptera. Vol. I, edited by F. D. Godman and Salvin, O., London: Porter, 1901, pp. 68-73. (Full text
Wilcox, J., Papavero, N. (1971). "The American genera of Mydidae (Diptera) with the description of three new genera and two new species". Arquivos Zoologica São Paulo. 21 (2): 41–119 (Full Text
Wilcox, J., Papavero, N. & Pimentel, T. (1989). Studies of Mydidae (Diptera). IVb. Mydas and allies in the Americas (Mydinae, Mydini). Museu Paraense "Emilo Goeldi", Coleção Emilie Snethlage, Belém, Brazil. 139 pp.