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Species Grapholita packardi - Cherry Fruitworm Moth - Hodges#3428

tortricid - Grapholita packardi Moth 09.07.15 (1) - Grapholita packardi Unknown Micromoth - Grapholita packardi Cherry Fruitworm Moth - Grapholita packardi Grapholita packardi -Cherry Fruitworm Moth - Hodges#3428 - Grapholita packardi Cherry Fruitworm Moth - Grapholita packardi Tortricoidea ? - Grapholita packardi Cherry Fruitworm Moth - Grapholita packardi
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Grapholitini
Genus Grapholita
Species packardi (Cherry Fruitworm Moth - Hodges#3428)
Hodges Number
3428
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Grapholita packardi Zeller, 1875 (1)
Steganoptycha pyricolona Murtfeldt, 1891
Enarmonia packardi
Laspeyresia packardi
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet in honor of A.S. Packard (1839-1905) "who made so many contributions to my work on North American microlepidoptera." (1)
Size
FWL ≈ 3.5-5mm (2)
Wingspan 8-10.5 mm. (3)
Identification
Adult: range in color from light to dark. Light individuals have silvery striae and darker contrasting fasciae, while dark individuals lack a well-defined FW pattern. Males have a conspicuous patch of dark sex scales on the dorsal surface of the HW. (2)
Larva: Late instar larvae are approximately 8-9 mm in length with a pale-reddish abdomen. The head is yellowish brown with darker mottling. The prothoracic and anal shields are brown. Pinacular are moderately large. An anal comb is present with 4-6 teeth. Larvae may appear similar to those of many other species. Cydia pomonella larvae can be separated from G. packardi by the absence of an anal fork and their larger size. Larvae of G. molesta are similar but generally larger. Larvae of G. packardi and G. prunivora are very similar, although the pinacula on the 8th and 9th abdominal segment are more prominent in G. packardi, and the abdomen of G. prunivora is more reddish, especially in preserved specimens. (2)
Range
Widely distributed in eastern North America. It is also present in the Pacific Northwest (Washington and British Columbia) and likely other fruit-growing regions of the West. (2)
Type locality: Texas(1)
Season
2-3 generations per year. Adults are present in May and June. (2)
Food
Larvae feed on many common fruit crops in the families Rosaceae and Ericaceae. It is possible that hawthorn (Crataegus) is the native host. (2)
Life Cycle
Females lay eggs singly on terminal shoot leaves. Larvae feed inside the shoots or fruit; Chapman and Lienk (1971) found considerable variation in feeding records suggesting that larvae behave differently on different hosts or that a species complex is involved. Overwintering occurs on the host in a cocoon and pupation occurs the following spring. (2)
Print References
Zeller, P.C., 1875. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamericanischen Nachtfalter, besonders der Microlepidopteren. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 25: 300; Pl.9, f.31. (1)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - images of live and pinned adults (4)
BOLD Systems - images of pinned DNA supported specimens (5)
Works Cited
1.Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamericanischen Nachtfalter, besonders der Microlepidopteren, vol. 3.
Phillip Christoph Zeller. 1875. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 25: 207-360.
2.Tortricids of Agricultural Importance
Todd M. Gilligan and Marc E. Epstein.
3.Revision of the North American moths of the subfamilies Laspeyresiinae and Olethreutinae
Carl Heinrich. 1926. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 132: 1-216.
4.North American Moth Photographers Group
5.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems