Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Chlosyne lacinia (Geyer)
Orig. Comb: Araschnia lacinia Geyer, 1837
Adult: "Variable. Upperside is black with a very wide orange or cream median band and small orange or white postmedian spots. Underside of hindwing is black with a yellow to cream-colored median band, small white postmedian spots, and large cream-colored marginal spots. Red spot near abdomen is usually separate from the median band." [BAMONA]
larvae variable as well:
sw US (CA-TX-NE-NV) / Mex. - Map
- (MPG),(BG data), most common: AZ to TX
Pinyon or oak woodlands, fields, road edges, fencerows.
Larvae (caterpillars) feed on Sunflower (Helianthus), Great Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida), Crownbeard (Verbesina), Cocklebur (Xanthium), and other related Asteraceae.
One of the most frequently encountered predators was a metallic-blue pentatomid bug, Stiretrus anchorago
(Fabricius). Most often attacking third and fourth instar larvae, these bugs would sometimes almost completely destroy a brood.(2)
- Range: se US to NM
Stiretrus anchorago (Fabricius)
Drummond, III, B.A., G.L. Bush and T.C. Emmel. 1970. The biology and laboratory culture of Chlosyne lacinia
Geyer (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(2): 135-142.(2)
Neck, R.W. 1973. Foodplant ecology of the butterfly Chlosyne lacinia (Geyer) (Nymphalidae). I. Larval foodplants. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 27: 22-33.
Neck, R.W. 1976. Larval morph variation in Chlosyne lacinia (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30: 91-94.
Neck, R.W. 1977. Foodplant ecology of the butterfly Chlosyne lacinia (Geyer) Nymphalidae; II. Additional larval food plant data. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 16(2):69-74.
Neck, R.W. 1977. Foodplant ecology of the butterfly Chlosyne lacinia (Geyer) (Nymphalidae) III. Adult resources. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 16 (3): 147-154.