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Species Euxoa scholastica - Scholastic Dart - Hodges#10793

Scholastic Dart - Euxoa scholastica Scholastic Dart - Euxoa scholastica
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Noctuini
Subtribe Agrotina
Genus Euxoa
No Taxon (Subgenus Euxoa)
Species scholastica (Scholastic Dart - Hodges#10793)
Hodges Number
10793
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Euxoa scholastica McDunnough, 1920
Phylogenetic sequence # 933364 (1)
Size
Wingspan 28-35 mm.
McDunnough (1920) reported a wingspan of 35 mm.
Identification
Adult: forewing brownish-gray with black double scalloped AM and PM lines; reniform and orbicular spots same color as ground color with black perimeter; subterminal line dark, irregular; no dark shading in terminal area; hindwing uniformly dark.
Range
Nova Scotia to Ontario and Wisconsin, south to North Carolina. (2), (3)
Holotype ♂ from Meach Lake, Quebec, July, collected by C.H. Young, in CNC (Canadian National Collection).
Season
The adults appear to be most common from June to August. (2)
Remarks
uncommon to rare
The identity of the photo that was originally on this page has been reconsidered, and the image moved to the Reaper Dart page.
See Also
Reaper Dart (Euxoa messoria) is very similar but forewing has pale subterminal line and some dark shading in terminal area, and hindwing is mostly white (compare images of both species at CBIF); messoria is common throughout much of its range, it occurs west to Yukon, California, and New Mexico, and its larval foods and habits are well known, even becoming a pest at times.
McDunnough (1920) stated "The species has been generally confused with messoria but may be most readily separated by the darker colour of the secondaries and the evenly oval, pale filled orbicular."
Print References
Lafontaine, J.D., 1987. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 27.2. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation. p. 71; plate, figs. 3, 5. (4)
McDunnough, J. 1920. New species of Lepidoptera. The Canadian Entomologist 52. p. 161.
Internet References
presence in North Carolina; PDF doc including description, flight season, distribution, pinned adult image (Michael Pogue, Zootaxa, mapress.com)
distribution in Canada; list of provinces of occurrence (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)
Works Cited
1.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
2.North American Moth Photographers Group
3.Assessment of species diversity in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone
McAlpine D.F., Smith I.M. (eds.). 2010. Canadian Science Publishing (NRC Research Press). 785 pp.
4.The Moths of America North of Mexico, Noctuoidea, Noctuidae (Part), Noctuinae (Part-Euxoa), Fascicle 27.2
J. Donald LaFontane. 1987. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
5.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems