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Species Crambidia lithosioides - Dark Gray Lichen Moth - Hodges#8045

8045   - Crambidia lithosioides - female Crambidia lithosioides Crambidia lithosioides Crambidia lithosioides - female Crambidia lithosioides - male Plain gray moth with white edge - Crambidia lithosioides Crambidia lithosioides - male Crambidia lithosioides - male
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Arctiinae (Tiger and Lichen Moths)
Tribe Lithosiini (Lichen Moths)
Subtribe Lithosiina
Genus Crambidia
Species lithosioides (Dark Gray Lichen Moth - Hodges#8045)
Hodges Number
8045
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Crambidia lithosioides Dyar, 1898 (1)
Phylogenetic sequence # 930218.
Explanation of Names
Specific name lithosioides from Latin meaning "stone." (2)
Numbers
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) included 10 species of the genus Crambidia in America north of Mexico. (3)
Size
Covell (1984) reported the wingspan as 12-18 mm. (4)
Identification
Female has dark brownish-gray forewing with paler veins, pale yellow strip along costa and serrate antennae. Male has pale grayish-brown forewing with paler veins, lacks pale costal strip and has pectinate antennae.

            ♀                                 ♂
Range
Heppner (2003) reported the range to include North Carolina to Florida, Kentucky to Mississippi. (5)
Moth Photographers Group expands the range north to Pennsylvania, and west to Texas and Oklahoma. (6)
Type specimen collected in Texas.
Season
Adults fly from May to October. (6)
Heppner (2003) reported adults fly January to December in Florida. (5)
Food
Heppner (2003) reported the larval host is lichens. (5)
See Also
Crambidia pallida has a yellowish-brown or grayish forewing, filiform antennae in both sexes and is larger than lithosioides.
Print References
Dyar, Harrison G. 1898. New American moths and synonymical notes. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 6: 33. (1)
Hampson, G.F., 1900. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum, 2: 126.
Internet References
pinned adult image of female and description of female forewing (James Adams, Dalton State College, Georgia)
presence in Kentucky; list of 36 specimen records with dates and locations (Jeffrey Marcus, Western Kentucky U.)
Works Cited
1.New American moths and synonymical notes
Harrison G. Dyar. 1898. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 6(1): 33-44.
2.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
3.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
4.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
5.Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas: Lepidoptera of Florida
J.B. Heppner. 2003. Florida Department of Agriculture 17(1): 1-670.
6.North American Moth Photographers Group
7.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems
8.Butterflies of North America