Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Crambidae Latreille, 1810
Explanation of Names
Crambidae from type genus Crambus
(Fabricius), from Greek meaning "dry, parched." Also, in Greek mythology, the child of Phineus and Cleopatra. (1)
860 species in 10 subfamilies in our area (2)
. Scholtens and Solis overlooked at least five species in their checklist, bringing the total number of species up to at least 865.
About 11,630 described species in 15 subfamilies in the world.
Small to medium: wingspan usually 10-35 mm.
Below is a guide to the local subfamilies of Crambidae. The images included are meant to be illustrative of the general appearance of each subfamily as an aid for narrowing down possibilities for identification. While the commonest elements of forewing maculation in each subfamily are represented, many patterns are not.
Proboscis with scales at base; tympanal organs (ears) at base of abdomen ventrally and 'opened' anteriomedially (visible in anteriorly-angled lateral view).
Full description at pyraloidea.org (GlobIZ) here
with info on subfamilies here (3)
In or on terrestrial or aquatic vegetation; one group lives only in nests of arboreal ants.
Larvae are stem borers, root feeders, leaf tiers, and leaf miners.
Solis, M. Alma (2007) Phylogenetic studies and modern classification of the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera)
Pyraloidea, the third largest superfamily of the Lepidoptera, is comprised of two families - Pyralidae and Crambidae. The history of families previously placed in the Pyraloidea is discussed. The group now includes about 16,000 species worldwide. Morphologically, the superfamily is defined by a basally scaled proboscis and the presence of abdominal tympanal organs. The larvae of many species are economically important pests of crops (e. g.: sugarcane, corn, rice), and stored products such as seeds and grains. Currently 22 subfamilies comprise the Pyraloidea; only the 19 subfamilies that occur in the Western Hemisphere are discussed. There is a paucity of recent research using cladistic methods and phylogenetic analyses across all taxa.
Scholtens, B.G., Solis, A.M. 2015. Annotated check list of the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera) of America North of Mexico. ZooKeys
535: 1–136 (2)
Solis, M.A. 2007, Phylogenetic studies and modern classification of the Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera). Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología
plus biology and references (Gerald Fauske, Moths of North Dakota)