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Species Epiblema scudderiana - Goldenrod Gall Moth - Hodges#3186

Moth - Epiblema scudderiana Goldenrod Gall Moth - Hodges#3186 - Epiblema scudderiana Goldenrod Gall Moth - Hodges#3186 - Epiblema scudderiana Goldenrod Gall Moth - Hodges#3186 - Epiblema scudderiana Tortricidae: Epiblema scudderiana - Epiblema scudderiana Tortricidae: Epiblema scudderiana - Epiblema scudderiana Goldenrod Gall Moth, gall - Epiblema scudderiana Goldenrod Gall Moth, 3186 - Epiblema scudderiana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Epiblema
Species scudderiana (Goldenrod Gall Moth - Hodges#3186)
Hodges Number
3186
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Epiblema scudderiana (Clemens, 1860)
Hedya scudderiana Clemens, 1860 (1), (2)
Euryptychia saligneana (Clemens, 1865)
Paedisca affusana (Zeller, 1875)
Eucosma scudderiana (Fernald, [1903])
Phylogenetic sequence #621082
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet in honor of Samuel Hubbard Scudder (1837-1911) who collected the specimens. (1)
Numbers
There are more than 40 named species of Epiblema in America north of Mexico.
Size
Wingspan 20-22 mm. (3)
Identification
Description in PDF: (2)
Rests with wings rolled around body in shape of cylinder; basal third is dark brown or black, middle third is off-white, distal third is light bluish-gray; series of short diagonal stripes along outer third of costa, more pronounced toward apex. [adapted from description by Lynn Scott.
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Range
Found throughout eastern North America. (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8),(9)
California(?) (3)
Moth Photographers Group - large map with some distribution data.
Type locality: Massachusetts (S.H. Scudder).
Season
Main flight of adults is March to September. (3)
Food
Larvae feed on Solidago L. (goldenrod). (10)
Gall
Remarks
The larvae of this species have been studied for their cold-hardiness. As the temperature drops to 5 degrees Celsius and below, larvae produce glycerol to protect themselves from freezing. (11)
Epiblema scudderiana is winter host for 12 parasites, (6 Ichneumonids, 4 Braconids, 1 Eupelmid, and 1 Tachinid). (12)
See Also
Notocelia rosaecolana


Compare to others on the archived photos of living moths and pinned plates of Moth Photographers Group.
Print References
Clemens, B. 1860. Contributions to American lepidopterology no.6. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 358. (1)
Kelleher, M.J., Rickards, J. & K.B. Storey. 1987. Strategies of freeze avoidance in larvae of the goldenrod gall moth, Epiblema scudderiana: Laboratory investigations of temperature cues in the regulation of cold hardiness. Journal of Insect Physiology, 33: 581-586. (11)
Plakidas, J.D. 1978. Epiblema scudderiana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae), a winter host reservoir for parasitic insects in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 86(3): 220-223. (12)
Works Cited
1.Contributions to American lepidopterology - No. 6.
Brackenridge Clemens. 1860. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 345-362.
2.A New Species of Epiblema previously confused with E. tripartitana (Zeller) and E. infellx (Heinrich) (Tortricidae)
Donald J. Wright. 2002. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 56(4): 277-285.
3.North American Moth Photographers Group
4.Moths of Brackenridge Field Laboratory University of Texas at Austin
5.Oklahoma moth species list by county (PDF)
6.Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Florida
7.Kentucky Butterfly Net Database (moths also)
8.South Carolina Moth Species
9.Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas: Lepidoptera of Florida
J.B. Heppner. 2003. Florida Department of Agriculture 17(1): 1-670.
10.Biology and Taxonomy of three gall forming species of Epiblema (Olethreutidae)
W. E. Miller. 1976. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society, 30(1): 50-58.
11.Strategies of freeze avoidance in larvae of the goldenrod gall moth, (Epiblema scudderiana): Laboratory investigations of ...
Mary Jane Kelleher, Julian Rickards, Kenneth B. Storey. 1987. Journal of Insect Physiology 33(8): 581–586.
12.Epiblema scudderiana (Clemens) (Lepidoptera: Olethreutidae), a winter host reservoir for parasitic insects in ...
John D. Plakidas. 1978. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 86(3): 220-223.