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Species Zilus horni - Eastern Velvethead

Smallest Ladybird - Zilus horni Smallest Ladybird - Zilus horni Zilus horni Zilus horni Zilus horni Zilus horni
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Coccinelloidea
No Taxon (Coccinellid group)
Family Coccinellidae (Lady Beetles)
Subfamily Scymninae
Tribe Scymnillini (Zagloba and Zilus)
Genus Zilus (Velvethead Lady Beetles)
Species horni (Eastern Velvethead)
Explanation of Names
Zilus horni Gordon 1985
Size
Length 1.4 to 1.6 mm (1)
Identification
Natalia Vandenberg:
"combination of pubescent head+pronotum and glabrous elytra is characteristic of Zilus."
Range
FL to MD, west to WI, plus disjunct LA records - Map (1)(2)
Life Cycle
many collected in LA on arborvitae, juniper, and cypress (Cypress Family - Cupressaceae) (2)
Remarks
Type Locality: Maryland, Piney Pt., Coll. Hubbard & Schwarz
See Also
similar to Z. aterrimus (Horn) although the distributions are disjunct, however, Zilus horni is entirely black dorsally, whereas Zilus aterrimus is reddish brown dorsally. (1)
Works Cited
1.The Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of America North of Mexico
Robert D. Gordon. 1985. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, Vol. 93, No. 1.
2.The Coccinellidae of Louisiana (Insecta: Coleoptera).
Chapin, J.B. 1974. Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 682: 2-87.