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Species Boloria alaskensis - Mountain Fritillary - Hodges#4462

Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Heliconiinae (Heliconians and Fritillaries)
Tribe Argynnini (Fritillaries)
Genus Boloria (Lesser Fritillaries)
Species alaskensis (Mountain Fritillary - Hodges#4462)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Brenthis pales alaskensis W. Holland 1900. Type locality: mountains between Forty-Mile and Mission Creeks, Alaska
Argynnis arsilache nikolajewski Heydemann 1920. Type locality: unknown [Warren (1944) suggests "Nikolayevsk at the mouth of the Amur River". Tuzov & Bozano(2006) write "perhaps Zhigansk, n.e. Yakutia" [Sakha Republic], Russia]
Boloria reiffi Reuss 1925. Type locality: British Columbia
Boloria pales arsilache nearctica Verity 1932. Type locality: north-eastern Alaska (69˚ 40' N. Lat. and 141˚ W. Long.)
Boloria pales halli Klots 1940. Type locality: vicinity Green River Pass, Wind River Range, Sublette County, Wyoming
Boloria napaea alaskensis (W. Holland) Warren 1944
Boloria napaea halli (Klots) Warren 1944
Boloria napaea nearctica Warren 1944 [based on Boloria pales arsilache race nearctica Verity 1932. Type locality: north-eastern Alaska (69˚ 40' N. Lat. and 141˚ W. Long.)]
Boloria napaea reiffi (Reuss) Warren 1944
Boloria alaskensis sedykhi du Cormier 1977. Type locality: Polar Ural Mts., Russia
Boloria alaskensis bato Churkin 1999. Type locality: Kodar Mts., Chita Region, Russia
Boloria alaskensis (W. Holland)
Boloria alaskensis halli (Klots)

The distinctive light colored population found in Wyoming is typically separated as subspecies halli.
Workers in Europe and Asia include material from northern Arctic Asia within B. alaskensis. This has generally been accepted, but is not proven.
Explanation of Names
In the past, this species has usually been considered to be part of the Eurasian species Boloria napaea. It is also very similar in appearance to Boloria pales, the European type species of the genus.
There is much debate as to species limits, and as to just how many species there are within the subgenus Boloria (to which this species belongs). Some would argue that there are only one or two species worldwide. Others divide it up into numerous regional species, with B. alaskensis being the American and north Arctic Asian representative. There are most likely (?) about four or five "real" biological species.
Arctic northwestern North America in Alaska, Yukon, N.W.Territories, & western Nunavut, but also extending southward in relictual Alpine colonies through the Canadian Rockies into British Columbia & Alberta, and isolated in the Wind River Range in Wyoming. Also arctic north Asia.