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Species Catocala amatrix - The Sweetheart - Hodges#8834

Erebidae: Which Catocala? - Catocala amatrix The Sweetheart - Hodges#8834 (Catocala amatrix) - Catocala amatrix - Catocala amatrix Erebidae: Catocala amatrix - Catocala amatrix Catocala amatrix possible - Catocala amatrix The Sweetheart - Hodges#8834 - Catocala amatrix Catocala amatrix - The Sweetheart - Hodges#8834 - Catocala amatrix the sweetheart - Catocala amatrix
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Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species amatrix (The Sweetheart - Hodges#8834)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catocala amatrix (Hübner, [1813]) (1), (2), (3)
Noctua amatrix Hübner, [1813]
Catocala nurus Walker, [1858] (preocc.) (4)
Catocala selecta Walker, [1858] (preocc.) (4)
Catocala editha Edwards, 1874 (112), (5)
Catocala pallida Barnes & McDunnough, 1918 (preocc.)
Catocala amatrix form "hesseli" Sargent, 1976 (6)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet is Latin for "female lover."
Wingspan 75-95 mm. (7)
Forewing length 36-39 mm. (8)
Adult - very large. Forewing grayish to purplish-brown with wavy black lines; typical form has diffuse broken black band running from basal area to apex; form electa lacks this band, form pallida is very pale, form hesseli is very dark (melanic). hindwing pinkish-red with black bands; fringe wide and yellowish-white.
Eastern North American, ranging west through the Great Plains, west to central Montana, Utah, and Arizona. (8)
Larvae feed on leaves of poplar (Populus) and black willow (Salix nigra).
Life Cycle
Overwinters as an egg; eggs are laid on tree bark in the fall and hatch in the spring; larvae feed in foilage of trees, then descend the trunk and pupate on the ground; adults emerge from pupa at the soil surface.
Skittish. Frequently rests by day under bark and in crevices, with a heads down posture. (7)
Print References
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1): p.32; Pl.3, f.11-13; Pl.11, f.3 (larva). (3)
Hübner, J., [1813], Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge 4: Pl.103, f.487.
Works Cited
1.On the North American species of Catocala.
Augustus Radcliffe Grote. 1872. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4: 1-20.
2.The genus Catocala.
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
3.Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala.
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
4.List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part XIII - Noctuidae.
Francis Walker. 1857. British Museum (Natural History), p.984-1236.
5.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). III.
Gall, Lawrence F. & David C. Hawks. 2002. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 56(4): 234-264.
6.Legion of Night: The Underwing Moths
Theodore D. Sargent. 1976. University of Massachusetts Press.
7.Bill Oehlke's North American Catocala
8.Pacific Northwest Moths
9.North American Moth Photographers Group