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Species Polygrammate cadburyi - Cadbury's Lichen Moth - Hodges#8104

Cadbury's Lichen Moth - Hodges#8104 - Polygrammate cadburyi unknown moth - Polygrammate cadburyi Toothy moth - Polygrammate cadburyi Comachara cadburyi - Polygrammate cadburyi Comachara cadburyi - Polygrammate cadburyi Cadbury's Lichen Moth - Polygrammate cadburyi unknown moth - Polygrammate cadburyi Polygrammate cadburyi
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Acronictinae
Genus Polygrammate
Species cadburyi (Cadbury's Lichen Moth - Hodges#8104)
Hodges Number
8104
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Polygrammate cadburyi (Franclemont, 1939) (1)
Comachara cadburyi Franclemont, 1939
Phylogenetic sequence # 931499 (2)
Identification
Franclemont (1939) original description is available online in the print references.
Range
Heppner (2003) reported the range to include Massachusetts to Florida, Missouri to Texas.(3)
Habitat
This species is abundant in the tiny tupelo forest on Block Island, RI, but not a single adult has been observed anywhere else on the island in intensive surveying, including at sites under a mile away, indicating that the adults disperse minimally.(4)
Season
Univoltine throughout its range, flying spring or early summer. On Block Island, RI, adults are abundant during a brief flight window in the island's tiny tupelo forest.(4)
Food
Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica)
Remarks
This species was long mistaken for a lichen moth (Arctiinae: Lithosiini), but discovery of the larva revealed its acronictine affinity. Schmidt and Anweiler (2020) synonymized Comachara with Polygrammate. P. cadburyi and its sole congener, P. hebraeicum, share their host plant. This new generic placement is hardly obvious based on superficial characters:

Print References
Franclemont, J.G., 1939. Comachara cadburyi, a new genus and new species (Lepidoptera, Phalaenidae, Sarrothripinae). Entomological News 51: 216
Wagner, D.L., Hossler, E.W. & F.E. Hossler, 2006. Not a tiger but a dagger: The larva of Comachara cadburyi and reassignment of the genus to Acronictinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99(4): 638-647.
Schmidt, B.C. & G.G. Anweiler, 2020. Noctuidae (Part) Pantheinae, Raphiinae, Balsinae, Acronictinae. The Moths of North America, Fascicle 25.4: 101; pl. A-6 (adult), figs. 44-47; pl. 15, fig. 2 (♂ gen.); pl. 33 fig. 8 (♀ gen.); pl. L-3, figs, 5 (larva). (1)
Works Cited
1.Noctuoidea Noctuidae (Part) Pantheinae, Raphiinae, Balsinae, Acronictinae
Schmidt, B.C. & G.G. Anweiler. 2020. The Moths of North America.
2.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
3.Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas: Lepidoptera of Florida
J.B. Heppner. 2003. Florida Department of Agriculture 17(1): 1-670.
4.Block Island Moths
5.North American Moth Photographers Group
6.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems