Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes



Species Polygrammate cadburyi - Cadbury's Lichen Moth - Hodges#8104

Comachara cadburyi  - Polygrammate cadburyi Comachara cadburyi - Polygrammate cadburyi Comachara cadburyi - Polygrammate cadburyi Comachara cadburyi - Polygrammate cadburyi Comachara cadburyi - Polygrammate cadburyi Comachara cadburyi - Polygrammate cadburyi Polygrammate cadburyi Comachara cadburyi - Polygrammate cadburyi
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Acronictinae
Genus Polygrammate
Species cadburyi (Cadbury's Lichen Moth - Hodges#8104)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Polygrammate cadburyi (Franclemont, 1939) (1)
Comachara cadburyi Franclemont, 1939
Phylogenetic sequence # 931499 (2)
Franclemont (1939) original description is available online in the print references.
Heppner (2003) reported the range to include Massachusetts to Florida, Missouri to Texas.(3)
This species is abundant in the tiny tupelo forest on Block Island, RI, but not a single adult has been observed anywhere else on the island in intensive surveying, including at sites under a mile away, indicating that the adults disperse minimally.(4)
Univoltine throughout its range, flying spring or early summer. On Block Island, RI, adults are abundant during a brief flight window in the island's tiny tupelo forest.(4)
Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica)
This species was long mistaken for a lichen moth (Arctiinae: Lithosiini), but discovery of the larva revealed its acronictine affinity. Schmidt and Anweiler (2020) synonymized Comachara with Polygrammate. P. cadburyi and its sole congener, P. hebraeicum, share their host plant. This new generic placement is hardly obvious based on superficial characters:

Print References
Franclemont, J.G., 1939. Comachara cadburyi, a new genus and new species (Lepidoptera, Phalaenidae, Sarrothripinae). Entomological News 51: 216
Wagner, D.L., Hossler, E.W. & F.E. Hossler, 2006. Not a tiger but a dagger: The larva of Comachara cadburyi and reassignment of the genus to Acronictinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99(4): 638-647.
Schmidt, B.C. & G.G. Anweiler, 2020. Noctuidae (Part) Pantheinae, Raphiinae, Balsinae, Acronictinae. The Moths of North America, Fascicle 25.4: 101; pl. A-6 (adult), figs. 44-47; pl. 15, fig. 2 (♂ gen.); pl. 33 fig. 8 (♀ gen.); pl. L-3, figs, 5 (larva). (1)
Works Cited
1.Noctuoidea Noctuidae (Part) Pantheinae, Raphiinae, Balsinae, Acronictinae
Schmidt, B.C. & G.G. Anweiler. 2020. The Moths of North America.
2.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
3.Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas: Lepidoptera of Florida
J.B. Heppner. 2003. Florida Department of Agriculture 17(1): 1-670.
4.Block Island Moths
5.North American Moth Photographers Group
6.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems