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TaxonomyBrowse
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Species Choristoneura occidentalis - Western Spruce Budworm Moth - Hodges#3640

1721 Choristoneura fumiferana Group  - Choristoneura occidentalis 1722 Choristoneura fumiferana group  - Choristoneura occidentalis 1723 Choristoneura fumiferana Group  - Choristoneura occidentalis 1725 Choristoneura fumiferana Group - Choristoneura occidentalis 1726 Choristoneura fumiferana group  - Choristoneura occidentalis many on Doug Fir - Choristoneura occidentalis many on Doug Fir - Choristoneura occidentalis many on Doug Fir - Choristoneura occidentalis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Archipini
Genus Choristoneura
No Taxon (fumiferana group)
Species occidentalis (Western Spruce Budworm Moth - Hodges#3640)
Hodges Number
3640
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Choristoneura occidentalis Freeman, 1967
Choristoneura freemani Razowski, 2008 (unsupported replacement name, Brunet et al. (2017))
Choristoneura biennis Freeman, 1967
Choristoneura occidentalis occidentalis Freeman, 1967
Choristoneura occidentalis biennis Freeman, 1967
Explanation of Names
The Nearctic species, Choristoneura occidentalis, described by Freemen (1967), has become the younger homonym of a species found in South Africa due to a change in the genus of the latter species. Razowski (2008) proposed changing the name of the Nearctic species to Choristoneura freemani. Brunet et al. (2017) disagreed with Razowski and formally overturned the replacement name.
Remarks
Parasitized by the Ichneumon wasp Glypta fumiferanae
Print References
Brunet, B.M., G.S. Blackburn, K. Muirhead, L.M. Lumley, B. Boyle, R.C. Lévesque, M. Cusson, F.A.H. Sperling, 2017. Two's company, three's a crowd: new insights on spruce budworm species boundaries using genotyping-by-sequencing in an integrative species assessment (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Systematic Entomology, 42: 317-328; DOI: 10.1111/syen.12211.
Freeman, 1967. On coniferophagous species of Choristoneura (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in North America: I. Some new forms of Choristoneura allied to C. fumiferana. The Canadian Entomologist 99: 449-455
Razowski, J. 2008. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) from South Africa. 6: Choristoneura Hübner and Procrica Diakonoff. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 77: 245–254.