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Family Ithonidae - Moth Lacewings

Oliarces clara, Moth Lacewing - Oliarces clara Oliarces clara, Moth Lacewing - Oliarces clara Fossil Allorapisma chuorum Holotype SR 08-14-01 Fossil Allorapisma chuorum paratype SR UI 08-04-01
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Neuroptera (Antlions, Owlflies, Lacewings, Mantidflies and Allies)
Suborder Hemerobiiformia (Lacewings, Mantidflies and Allies)
Family Ithonidae (Moth Lacewings)
Other Common Names
Mothlike Netwings
A single nearctic species, with 7 more known spp. (all in Australia).
Southern CA and the adjacent parts of NV and AZ.
Desert environments.
Larvae are associated with the roots of creosote bush.
Life Cycle
Larvae are subterranean; adults emerge in mass for a few days each year, mate, then die.
Information kindly provided by John Oswald.
Print References
Faulkner, D. K. (1990) Current knowledge of the biology of the moth-lacewing Oliarces clara Banks (Insecta: Neuroptera: Ithonidae). Pp. 197-203 in Mansell, M. W.; Aspöck, H. (eds.). Advances in Neuropterology. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Neuropterology (3-4 February 1988, Berg en Dal, Kruger National Park, South Africa). South African Department of Agricultural Development, Pretoria. 298 pp.
Grebennikov, V. V. (2004). Grub-like larvae of Neuroptera (Insecta): a morphological review of the families Ithonidae and Polystoechotidae and a description of Oliarces clara. European Journal of Entomology, 101, 409-417. (Full Text)