Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phalaena Bombyx velleda
Stoll,  (178)
Tolyp[sic] candidatus Cassino, 1928
* Phylogenetic sequence #223275
Explanation of Names
velleda: perhaps from the Latin "velum" (a veil)
Wingspan 32-58 mm. (1)
; male considerably smaller than female
Adult: male forewing has whitish veins and broad dark gray subterminal band, fairly straight, and lacking alternating pinched and expanded sections; PM line whitish; basal half of wing slightly paler gray, with whitish AM line; hindwing dark gray, with or without whitish median band; female has similar markings but is paler overall, and less contrasting than male; male antennae pectinate, wider in basal half; female antennae simple.
Larva: body grayish with long hairs on lateral fleshy lappets; top of third thoracic segment has enlarged brown or reddish-orange knobs; when alarmed, exposes dorsal black band from fold behind warts.
[adapted from description by David Wagner and Valerie Giles]
Nova Scotia to central Florida, west to Texas, north to North Dakota - MAP
Adults fly mostly June-November (MPG
Larvae present from June to August.
Larvae feed on leaves of a variety of broadleaf trees and shrubs. Wagner (2)
lists "apple, ash, aspen, basswood, beech, birch, cherry, oak and other woody plants."
) is slightly smaller, usually darker, and forewing subterminal band is wavier, with alternating pinched and expanded sections.
) is much smaller, darker, and has a more northern distribution [doesn't occur in southern United States]
several other Tolype
species occur in the southwest and in western Canada (compare images of 4 species
Caterpillars of three other eastern Tolype species have yellow and orange spots on the black intersegmental bar, and feed on leaves of coniferous trees.
Covell p. 53, plate 8 (1)
Wagner, p. 23--photo of larva (3)
Franclemont, J. G., 1973. Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 20.1: p. 34; pl. 3.26-30.(4)