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Subfamily Cassidinae - Tortoise Beetles and the Hispines

Octotoma plicatula? - Octotoma plicatula Microrhopala reproduction - Microrhopala - male - female Tortoise Beetle Larva Beetle - Odontota dorsalis Argus Tortoise Beetle - Chelymorpha cassidea Golden tortoise beetle - Charidotella sexpunctata slug caterpillar? Microrhopala arizonica Schaeffer - Microrhopala arizonica
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Long-horned and Leaf Beetles)
Family Chrysomelidae (Leaf Beetles)
Subfamily Cassidinae (Tortoise Beetles and the Hispines)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
The Hispinae are now part of the Cassidinae(1)(2)(3); note that the Cassidinae of the World site(4) only covers the tortoise beetles
Explanation of Names
Cassidinae Gyllenhal 1813
Numbers
114 spp. in 33 genera in our area, ~7,000 spp. in hundreds of genera worldwide(3)(5), arranged in ~40 tribes, of which just 5 represented in our area(6)
Identification
Range
worldwide, much more diverse in the tropics
Remarks
tortoise beetle specimens often dramatically change color in preserved state(4)
Works Cited
1.The Hispine Beetles of America North of Mexico (Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae)
Charles L. Staines. 2006. 2006. Virginia Museum of Natural History, in association with the Smithsonian Institution.
2.Catalog of Leaf Beetles of America North of Mexico
Ed Riley, Shawn Clark, and Terry Seeno. 2003. Coleopterists Society.
3.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
4.Cassidinae of the world - an interactive manual (by Lech Borowiec and Jolanta Świętojańska)
5.Chrysomelid males with enlarged mandibles: three new species and a review of occurrence in the family (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae)
Reid C.A.M., Beatson M. 2013. Zootaxa 3619: 79–100.
6.Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)
Bouchard P. et al. 2011. ZooKeys 88: 1–972.
7.The leaf beetles of Alabama
Edward Balsbaugh and Kirby Hays. 1972. Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University.