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Subfamily Lixinae

Star Thistle  Weevil - Eustenopus villosus Snout Beetle? - Stephanocleonus immaculatus Brown Bug Big snout - Lixus macer Weevil - Lixus scrobicollis Scaphomorphus collaris (LeConte) - Scaphomorphus collaris which Lixus species? - Lixus Hairy weevil - Scaphomorphus Seedhead Weevil? - Larinus minutus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Curculionoidea (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Family Curculionidae (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Subfamily Lixinae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Explanation of Names
Lixinae Schönherr 1823
3 tribes (one non-native to NA), with ~110 spp. (of which ~70 Lixus spp.) in 11 genera in our area(1), ~1,500 spp. worldwide(2)(3)
key to New World genera in(2)
worldwide, much more diverse in drier regions of the Old World
from mesic to very arid; Lixini are usually associated with more mesic habitats, whereas most traditional Cleonini are found in arid habitats(2)
hosts include a wide range of herbs and or shrubs, most notably Chenopodiaceae, Compositae, Leguminosae, Rosaceae, Cruciferae and Polygonaceae; larvae of most spp. mine stems or roots, but some (e.g., Rhinocyllus, Larinus, Microlarinus) feed in flower heads or on seeds(2)
Members of several genera have been introduced to control weeds, esp. in rangeland of w. NA(1)
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography of New World weevils traditionally of the tribe Cleonini (Col.: Curculionidae:Cleoninae)
R.S. Anderson (1988). 1987. Quaestiones Entomologicae 23: 431-709.
3.Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)
Bouchard P. et al. 2011. ZooKeys 88: 1–972.