Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

Interested in a 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico?

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

National Moth Week 2020 photos of insects and people.

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Previous events

Tibicen in Cicadinae??

[not sure if this matter belongs in this forum]
in the Guide, Tibicen is placed in the Cicadinae rather than Tibicininae -- doesn't sound right...

We have made Dr Hamilton's page
a link here for ease of access. We found neither Okanaganodes nor Okanagodes on the linked page. We have Okanagodes in BugGuide and that's what we find when we google the two terms, so we are leaving the spelling of the genus alone.

families and subfamilies of Cicadidae
There are two issues here: taxonomy and similarity of names. It has always bedevilled cicada taxonomy that two very different cicadas were named Tibicen (North American) and Tibicina (Eurasian), and the resulting subfamily names Tibiceninae and Tibicininae had only a single letter difference! An effort to squash one of those two names was not met with success, but the confusion has been greatly alleviated by recent progress in the taxonomy of cicadas.

Phylogenetic studies of cicadas have revolutionized the classification of cicadas. The old "phenetic" classification, based on dissimilarities, stressed the sound producing organs ("tymbals")and recognized 2 families, Cicadidae (tymbals concealed), and Tibicinidae (tymbals exposed) with the bizarre Australian Tettigarctinae or "hairy cicadas" as a subfamily of the latter.

A phylogenetic classification first proposed by myself (2000) based on North American genera, and recently confirmed by a thorough analysis of the world fauna by Moulds (2005) places Tettigarctidae as the most primitive family (both sexes sing; adults are active only at night; wings look more like those of leafhoppers) and all other cicadas as family Cicadidae with 3 subfamilies: Cicadinae (including Tibicenini), Cicadettinae (including most of the former Tibicininae) and Tibicininae proper (which I called Platypedinae and Moulds called Tettigadinae).

Most of our cicadas belong to Cicadinae, with Magicicada and Cicadetta in Cicadettinae, plus Platypedia, Neoplatypedia, Okanagana, Okanaganodes and Clidophleps in Tibicininae.

You will find this information and much more on

wow! thanks for clarifying things
Tibicenini vs. Tibicininae (based, i guess, on Tibicen vs. Tibicina, respectively) is what got me confused... well, not an unusual case in taxonomy

Comment viewing options
Select your preferred way to display the comments and click 'Save settings' to activate your changes.