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Species Lucanus capreolus - Reddish-brown Stag Beetle

Stag Beetle - Lucanus capreolus - female BG2189 C2830 - Lucanus capreolus - female Lucanus capreolus - female great big beetle - Lucanus capreolus Beetle - Lucanus capreolus - male Reddish-brown Stag Beetle, dorsal - Lucanus capreolus - male beetle - Lucanus capreolus BeetleStag_08032021_MP_5454_1 - Lucanus capreolus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea
Family Lucanidae (Stag Beetles)
Subfamily Lucaninae
Tribe Lucanini
Genus Lucanus
Species capreolus (Reddish-brown Stag Beetle)
Other Common Names
Reddish-brown Stag Beetle(1)), Pinching Bug, Pinching Beetle(2), Common Stag Beetle
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Lucanus capreolus (Linnaeus)
Orig. Comb: Scarabaeus capreolus Linnaeus 1763
Syn: Pseudolucanus capreolus (Linnaeus)
Explanation of Names
capreolus = verbatim, 'little goat' (Capreolus capreolus is the name of the roe deer)
20-36 mm sans mandibles(3)
bicolored femora (light brown with darker apex) distinctive(3); male mandibles with a single internal tooth and are relatively much smaller than in L. elaphus. The smaller L. placidus has at least two teeth on mandibles and uniformly dark femora
Mandibles less strongly and coarsely punctate than L. placidus.
e. US (west to WI-e.NE-e.TX) & ON(3)(4)(5)
Deciduous forests, parks, and areas with mature trees(4); adults on sap flows, sugared baits, readily come to lights; larvae in rotting logs & stumps(3)(6)
Jun-Sep & Dec in NC(7), Mar-Aug in NE(3)
Adults: tree sap (in captivity will drink diluted maple syrup or sugar water); larvae feed in rotting logs.
Life Cycle
Eggs laid in rotting wood. Larvae take two years to develop, pupate in nearby soil.
Males use mandibles to fight at breeding sites
Works Cited
1.National Audubon Society Field Guide to Insects and Spiders
Lorus and Margery Milne. 1980. Knopf.
2.Kaufman Field Guide to Insects of North America
Eric Eaton, Kenn Kaufman. 2006. Houghton Mifflin.
3.The Scarabaeoid Beetles of Nebraska
Brett C. Ratcliffe & M.J. Paulsen. 2008. University of Nebraska State Museum, Vol 22, 570 pp.
4.Beetles of Eastern North America
Arthur V. Evans. 2014. Princeton University Press.
5.Checklist of beetles (Coleoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Second edition
Bousquet Y., Bouchard P., Davies A.E., Sikes D.S. 2013. ZooKeys 360: 1–402.
6.The Beetle Fauna of Rhode Island, an Annotated Checklist
Derek Sikes. 2004. Rhode Island Natural History Survey.
7.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.