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Species Catocala meskei - Meske's Underwing - Hodges#8822

Erebidae: Catocala - Catocala meskei Erebidae: Catocala - Catocala meskei Erebidae: Catocala - Catocala meskei Erebidae: Catocala - Catocala meskei Catocala meskei Catocala meskei Catocala meskei Catocala meskei
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species meskei (Meske's Underwing - Hodges#8822)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catocala meskei Grote, 1873 (1), (2), (3)
Catocala beaniana Grote, 1878 (195), (4), (5), (2)
Catocala rosalinda Hy. Edwards, 1880 (5), (2)
Catocala meskei form krombeini Franclemont, 1938 (6)
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet in honor of Otto von Meske (1837-1890), who had two other Lepidoptera named after him around the same time, Pero meskaria (Packard, 1876) and Hesperia meskei (Edwards, 1877), as well as the genus Meskea.
Form krombeini Franclemont, 1938 named for Karl V. Krombein (1912-2005).
Wingspan 65-75 mm. (7)
Adult - forewing gray and evenly patterned (has a dirty or dust-covered appearance), with few contrasts or strong markings compared to similar species; PM line often single (at least in leading half of wing) with no white border on distal side; subreniform spot and area basal to reniform spot form a continuous whitish patch with a thin dark vein running through the middle. hindwing banded black and reddish-orange; black median band relatively thin, tapered and usually angled inward at tip; apex with light orangish or yellowish patch.
Alberta to Quebec and Maine, south to South Carolina, west to Colorado, Montana.
Lectotype female: Albany, NY. (4)
Adults fly from July to September.
Larvae feed on leaves of various poplar (Populus deltoides, Populus fremontii, Populus grandidentata, Populus nigra ) and willow (Salix). (8)
Life Cycle
One generation per year; overwinters as an egg.
Larva; head; prepupal larva in shelter; adult
See Also
Mother Underwing is slightly larger, has black basal, anal, and subapical dashes, and a cleaner, less "dust-covered" appearance to the forewings.
Once-married Underwing (C. unijuga) is similar but has more contrasting markings on forewing, including a conpicuous white ST line, and a double PM line (white with black line on both sides). The hindwing of C. unijuga has a broader median band, usually not angled inward at tip, and the apex of the hindwing lacks a light orangish or yellowish patch. Compare images of both species.
Print References
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1): p.26; Pl.4, f.8. (3)
Grote, A.R., 1873. On the genus Catocala. The Canadian Entomologist 5(9): 161. (1)
Works Cited
1.On the genus Catocala.
Augustus Radcliffe Grote. 1873. The Canadian Entomologist 5(9): 161-164.
2.The genus Catocala.
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
3.Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala.
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
4.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). III.
Gall, Lawrence F. & David C. Hawks. 2002. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 56(4): 234-264.
5.Notes upon the genus Catocala, with descriptions of new varieties and species.
Henry Edwards. 1880. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 3(7): 53-62.
6.Descriptions of new melanic forms (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Noctuidae and Arctiidae).
John G. Franclemont. 1938. Entomological News 49: 108-114.
7.Bill Oehlke's North American Catocala
8.HOSTS - The Hostplants and Caterpillars Database
9.North American Moth Photographers Group