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Genus Pnigalio

Eulophid parasitoid of daisy-mining agromyzid - Pnigalio pallipes - male Eulophid parasitoid of crabapple-mining nepticulid - Pnigalio minio Chalcid parasitoid of Mompha solomoni - Pnigalio pallipes Eulophid parasitoid of Sphaeralcea-mining Acrocercops - Pnigalio maculipes - male Eulophid ex oak-mining eriocraniid - Pnigalio species-one - male Pnigalio flavipes - Pnigalio minio - female Pnigalio flavipes - Pnigalio minio - female Wasp emerges from red oak blotch mine - Pnigalio uroplatae
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" (parasitic Apocrita))
Superfamily Chalcidoidea (Chalcid Wasps)
Family Eulophidae
Subfamily Eulophinae
Tribe Eulophini
Genus Pnigalio
Explanation of Names
Pnigalio Schrank 1802
9 spp. in our area(1), >60 worldwide(2)
Larvae are ectoparasitoids. Mostly parasitoids of leafmining Lepidoptera; although, a few species parasitize Diptera and Coleoptera leafminers.

Note from Christer Hansson to Charley Eiseman regarding Pnigalio, 6/21/2016: "Seeing more of your reared material of this group I realize that it is more complicated than I thought. Even though there are two revisions of the genus in North America (Miller & Yoshimoto) the identification of your specimens is problematic. The Miller paper covers only part of the fauna in the Nearctic and the Yoshimoto paper, even though it covers more species than Miller, is problematic to use. I think that the problem with this later paper is that it is "too easy" in the sense that Yoshimoto has based the species concepts on too small a material and thus have not taken into account intraspecific variation. When I try to identify your specimen I end up either between two species, or nowhere. Therefore I am comfortable with genus identification only, and my previous identifications to species are doubtful. Clearly this is another group in need of revision."
Print References
Yoshimoto C.M. (1983) Review of North American Pnigalio Schrank (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Canadian Entomologist 115: 971-1000.
Internet References