Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
First described in 1771 by Linnaeus
as Sphinx lugubris
Phylogenetic sequence #228350
Explanation of Names
From Latin root lugubr
sad, gloomy (1)
. "Mournful Sphinx" is from the Latin name, and both presumably refer to the somber colors (or drooping posture?) of this moth.
Odd-shaped sphinx with almost straight median line, prominent round reniform spot. Coloration brown to greenish-brown. There is a distinctive bend in the median line just above the reniform spot, which differentiates it from E. ocypete. Trailing edge of forewing somewhat scalloped. Compare Half-blind Sphinx
(Perigonia lusca) and Enyo ocypete
Southern North America into neotropics
Forests, edges, presumably.
All year in tropics, August-November northward.
Larvae feed on grape family plants, Vitus, Ampelopsis, and Cissus species (Moths of North America). Pupation occurs in a shallow burrow in the soil. Adults fly during the day, and apparently at night, because they are attracted to lights.
Flies in cold weather (pers. obs. P Coin). Seems to be found in the coastal plain, and in particular, the outer coastal plain and barrier islands.
Borror, entry for lugubr (1)
Covell, p. 40, plate 5 #12 (2)
Holland p. 61, plate 11 #17 (Epistor lugubris) (3)
Moth Photographers Group
- map of some collection points and photos including larvae.
Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)
- collection map and photos of pinned adults.
Mantissa plantarum altera, p.538
Linnaeus' original description of the species