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Subfamily Orsillinae

False Chinch Bug? - Nysius ? Male, Neortholomus - Neortholomus scolopax - male Hemiptera Male, Neortholomus nevadensis? - male false cinch bugs - Nysius mating false cinch bugs - Nysius - male - female Hemipteran
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Lygaeoidea
Family Lygaeidae (Seed Bugs)
Subfamily Orsillinae
Explanation of Names
Orsillinae Stål 1872
27 spp. in 5 genera in our area(1), >250 spp. in ~30 genera worldwide(2)
Hemelytra without distinct punctations. Pronotum and scutellum, however, conspicuously punctate. Central area of scutellum separated from posterior edge of pronotum by a distinct transverse basal depression. Color usually not black with red markings. Median commissure on clavi absent. Apical margin of corium sinuate. Hemelytral membrane usually clear or hyaline (3).
worldwide, with more than half of the spp. restricted to the Hawaiian islands; Nysius is cosmopolitan, but most genera are restricted to either New World or Old World(2)
less specialized than other Lygaeidae; feed on vegetative parts of plants, seeds, and flowers and are often associated with a broad range of unrelated plants(2)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Zoological catalogue of Australia: Hemiptera: Heteroptera (Pentatomomorpha)
Cassis G., Gross G.F. 2002. CSIRO Publishing, 751 pp.
3.Seed Bugs of Virginia (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae)
Richard L. Hoffman. 1996. Virginia Museum of Natural History.