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Subfamily Lygaeinae

6024825 - Melacoryphus lateralis True bug - Melacoryphus lateralis Large Milkweed Bug - Oncopeltus fasciatus Lygaeus kalmii Melanopleurus? - Melanopleurus pyrrhopterus nymphs - Oncopeltus fasciatus Red and Black Hemiptera with White Spot - Oncopeltus sanguineolentus false milkweed bugs - Lygaeus turcicus - male - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Lygaeoidea
Family Lygaeidae (Seed Bugs)
Subfamily Lygaeinae
Numbers
the most diverse lygaeid subfamily, with 45 spp. in 8 genera in our area(1), 640 spp. in ~60 genera worldwide(2)
Range
worldwide and throughout NA; most diverse in the tropics(2)
Food
often associated with species belonging to the Asclepiadaceae and Apocyanaceae, and some probably feed on cast seeds(2)
Remarks
Lygaeinae often have aposematic colouration and are probably associated with Müllerian mimicry complexes involving other pentatomomorphan taxa(2)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Zoological catalogue of Australia: Hemiptera: Heteroptera (Pentatomomorpha)
Cassis G., Gross G.F. 2002. CSIRO Publishing, 751 pp.