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Species Clepsis peritana - Garden Tortrix - Hodges#3688

Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Archipini
Genus Clepsis
Species peritana (Garden Tortrix - Hodges#3688)
Hodges Number
Other Common Names
Strawberry Garden Tortrix
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Clepsis peritana (Clemens, 1860)
Smicrotes peritana Clemens, 1860 (1)
Tortrix peritana
Ptycholoma peritana
Dichelia inconclusana Walker, 1863 (2)
Clepsis pinaria Razowski & Becker, 2010
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet from Latin peritus meaning "experienced, skillfully constructed."
Wingspan 10-15 mm. (3)
Larva to about 14 mm. (4)

Larva - body usually light green, depending on the host plant, Head and prothoracic shield are yellowish brown. (4)
Nova Scotia to Florida, west to California, north to Alberta and Alaska. One of the most common and widespread tortricid species in North America. (5)
Larva on ground in strawberry fields or waste places; adults close to host plants. Up to 9000'. (6)
Adults from May-September. (3)
Larvae feed on strawberries and other low plants; prefer dying leaves. (3)
Life Cycle
Overwinters as a larva under leaf litter; several overlapping generations per year.
The most widespread and commonly collected Clepsis. (6)
Based on DNA, California population may represent a distinct species. See Kruse & Powell 2014. As of 11/14/2015, BOLD shows two BIN clusters for this species north of Mexico: BOLD:ABY9168 contains specimens from US and Canada east of the Rockies and BOLD:ABZ6564 contains specimens from CA, AZ, CO, TX, OK, FL, SK, and southern Central America. These two BINS are not each other's closest neighbor. A third BIN, BOLD:AAA1117, from Central America appears to be intermediate between the two proceeding BINs.
Kruse & Powell 2014 mention subtle differences is wing pattern which tend to separate C. penetralis from C. peritana, however, the distinction does not seem to apply with respect to the California population on C. peritana. Compare BOLD:ABZ6564 (California C. peritana) and BOLD:AAA5258 (C. penetralis).
See Also
Clepsis penetralis - dissection or DNA required, see Remarks above
Clepsis virescana - male with costal fold, lacking C. peritana and C. penetralis
Print References
Clemens, B., 1860. Contributions to American lepidopterology - No. 6. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 356. (1)
Covell Jr., C. V. 1984. A field guide to the moths of eastern North America. p.421, pl.63(23) (3)
Kruse, J.J. & J.A. Powell 2014. Defining Clepsis penetralis Razowski (Tortricidae) using morphology and molecules: a widespread but overlooked North American species. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 68: 25-30.
Works Cited
1.Contributions to American lepidopterology - No. 6.
Brackenridge Clemens. 1860. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 12: 345-362.
2.List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part XXVIII – Tortricites and Tineites
Francis Walker. 1863. British Museum (Natural History), p.287-561.
3.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
4.Tortricids of Agricultural Importance
Todd M. Gilligan and Marc E. Epstein.
5.A Checklist of the Moths of Alaska.
Ferris, C.D., J.J. Kruse, J.D. Lafontaine, K.W. Philip, B.C. Schmidt & D.S. Sikes. 2012. Zootaxa 3571: 1–25.
6.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
7.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems