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Species Thymelicus lineola - European Skipper - Hodges#4012

 
 
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Phylogenetic relationships of subfamilies and circumscription of tribes in the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea).
By Warren, A.D., J.R. Ogawa and A.V.Z. Brower.
Cladistics 24, 1–35., 2008
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Warren, A.D., J.R. Ogawa and A.V.Z. Brower. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of subfamilies and circumscription of tribes in the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea). Cladistics 24, 1–35.

Abstract

A comprehensive tribal-level classification for the worlds subfamilies of Hesperiidae, the skipper butterflies, is proposed for the first time. Phylogenetic relationships between tribes and subfamilies are inferred using DNA sequence data from three gene regions (cytochrome oxidase subunit I-subunit II, elongation factor-1a and wingless). Monophyly of the family is strongly supported, as are some of the traditionally recognized subfamilies, with the following relationships: (Coeliadinae + ("Pyrginae" + (Heteropterinae + (Trapezitinae + Hesperiinae)))). The subfamily Pyrginae of contemporary authors was recovered as a paraphyletic grade of taxa. The formerly recognized subfamily Pyrrhopyginae, although monophyletic, is downgraded to a tribe of the "Pyrginae". The former subfamily Megathyminae is an infra-tribal group of the Hesperiinae. The Australian endemic Euschemon rafflesia is a hesperiid, possibly related to "Pyrginae" (Eudamini). Most of the traditionally recognized groups and subgroups of genera currently employed to partition the subfamilies of the Hesperiidae are not monophyletic. We recognize eight pyrgine and six hesperiine tribes, including the new tribe Moncini.

Revised classification of the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea) based on combined molecular and morphological data.
By Warren, A.D., J.R. Ogawa & A.V.Z. Brower.
Systematic Entomology 34(3): 467-523., 2009
For a copy

Warren, A.D., J.R. Ogawa & A.V.Z. Brower. 2009. Revised classification of the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea) based on combined molecular and morphological data. Systematic Entomology 34(3): 467-523.

Abstract

We propose a revised higher classification for the genera of Hesperiidae (skipper butterflies) of the world. We have augmented our published DNA data matrix with 49 morphological characters in order to infer relationships for taxa not sampled in the molecular study. We use the results of a combined analysis to identify morphological synapomorphies of the suprageneric clades of Hesperiidae, and to hypothesize a phylogenetic classification of the world’s genera of Hesperiidae, the first of its kind for this diverse group.

Thirteen new species of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) from Texas.
By Zhang, J., Q. Cong, and N.V. Grishin.
Insecta Mundi 921: 1-58, 58 figs., 2023
Full PDF - Insecta Mundi

Zhang, Jing, Qian Cong, and Nikolay Vyacheslav Grishin. 2023. Thirteen new species of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) from Texas. Insecta Mundi 921: 1-58, 58 figs.

Abstract.

Analyses of whole genomic shotgun datasets, COI barcodes, morphology, and historical literature suggest that the following 13 butterfly species from the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) in Texas, USA are distinct from their closest named relatives and therefore are described as new (type localities are given in parenthesis):

Expanded phenotypic diagnoses for 24 recently named new taxa of Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera).
By Grishin, N.V.
The International Lepidoptera Survey - The Taxonomic Report. 8(1): , 2019
Grishin, N.V. 2019. Expanded phenotypic diagnoses for 24 recently named new taxa of Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). The International Lepidoptera Survey - The Taxonomic Report. 8(1):

Notes on some skippers, with new records for the United States (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae).
By Freeman, H.A.
Canadian Entomologist 77(11): 201-203., 1945
Freeman, H.A. 1945. Notes on some skippers, with new records for the United States (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae). Canadian Entomologist 77(11): 201-203.

New Hesperiidae records for Texas and the United States.
By McGuire, W.W. & M.A. Rickard.
Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30(1): 5-11., 1976
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McGuire, W.W. & M.A. Rickard. 1976. New Hesperiidae records for Texas and the United States. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30(1): 5-11.

The Rio Grande Valley of Texas, located in the extreme southern section of the state and encompassing areas of essentially neotropical habitat, offers a unique opportunity for the study of Lepidoptera in the U.S.A. The authors have had the good fortune to collect this area rather frequently during the past several years and during that time some interesting and important new records of Hesperiidae have been obtained.

Additional taxonomic refinements suggested by genomic analysis of butterflies.
By Zhang, J., Q. Cong, J. Shen, L. Song, P.A. Opler and N.V. Grishin
Taxonomic Report of the international Lepidoptera Survey 11(1): 1-25, 22 figs., 2023
Link to download - Zenoobo

Zhang, Jing, Qian Cong, Jinhui Shen, Leina Song, Paul Alexander Opler and Nikolay Vyacheslav Grishin. 2023. Additional taxonomic refinements suggested by genomic analysis of butterflies. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 11(1): 1-25, 22 figs.

Abstract:

Comparative analyses of genomic data reveal further insights into the phylogeny and taxonomic classification of butterflies presented here. As a result, 2 new subgenera and 2 new species of Hesperiidae are described: Borna Grishin, subgen.

Genomic evidence suggests further changes of butterfly names
By Zhang, J., Q. Cong, J. Shen, P.A. Opler, N.V. Grishin
Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey, 8(7): 1-41., 2020
Zhang, J., Q. Cong, J. Shen, P.A. Opler, N.V. Grishin, 2020. Genomic evidence suggests further changes of butterfly names. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey, 8(7): 1-41.

 
 
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