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Species Monopis monachella - White-headed Monopis - Hodges#0418

Tineidae: Monopis monachella - Monopis monachella Tineidae: Monopis monachella - Monopis monachella Monopis IMG_6250 - Monopis monachella Monopis IMG_6247 - Monopis monachella White-headed Monopis Moth - Monopis monachella White-headed Monopis  - Monopis monachella White-headed Monopis  - Hodges#0418 (Monopis monachella) - Monopis monachella Monopis monachella - White-headed Monopis - Hodges#0418 - Monopis monachella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tineoidea (Tubeworm, Bagworm, and Clothes Moths)
Family Tineidae (Clothes Moths)
Subfamily Tineinae
Genus Monopis
Species monachella (White-headed Monopis - Hodges#0418)
Hodges Number
0418
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Monopis monachella (Hübner, 1796)
Blabophanes monachella Hübner, 1796
Monopis monacha Zagulajev, 1972
Numbers
Ten Monopis species are found in America north of Mexico.
Size
5 to 8 mm long. Wingspan:12-20 mm.
Identification
Head: Head white. Palpi long, folded; dark.
Antenna: Dark brown.
Thorax: White.
Wings: Wider, dark brown; slightly gray-scaled. Large white patch on costa has diagonal edge; extends from mid wing to near tip. Diagonal edge of patch encompasses the semi-translucent circle, typical of all Monopis. Some white scaling on inner margin near wing tip (anal angle). Hindwings gray.
Legs: White ringed with brown.
Monopis longella (Walker, 1863) has a stained patch inside the white patch along the costa edge.
Range
Northeastern North America and throughout many regions of the world.
Moth Photographers Group - large range map with collection dates.
Type locality (monachella): Europe
Type locality (monacha): Indonesia
Season
Adults fly May through October. (1); June to September in north.
Food
Larvae feed on animal remains, skins and owl pellets.
Remarks
According to Mr. Busck a specimen of this European species from Canada is in the U. S. National Museum, Smithsonian. A specimen without locality label and probably determined by Zeller is in the Cambridge Museum – MCZ assumed.
DNA barcoding supports the possibility that specimens found in the US and Canada identified as M. monachella may be an undescribed species. Monopis monachella is a member of the Monopis monachella species complex (see Huang et al. 2011) which is currently represented at BOLD by the following BIN groups (5/26/2019). The synonymy of M. monachella, (TL: Europe) and monacha (TL: Indonesia) may be in question. It would seem that a revision of this complex may be needed:
BOLD:ACD6617 = Monopis iunctio (China and Indonesia)
BOLD:ACZ5670 = possible undescribed Monopis species from Africa near M. iunctio
BOLD:ACS7044 = possible undescribed Monopis species from Madagascar near M. longella (= pavlovskii)
BOLD:AAK6590 = possible undescribed Monopis species from Australia near M. longella
BOLD:AAP6065 = possible undescribed Monopis species from China and Australia near M. longella (lacks dark smudge in pale spot of forewing)
BOLD:AAE4730 = Monopis longella (Asia and North America)
BOLD:AAB1740 = Monopis monachella (Euope only)
BOLD:AAB1739 = possible undescribed Monopis species from North America near M. monachella
See Also
Monopis longella -Yellow-headed Monopis Moth
Print References
Huang, G.H., L.S. Chen, T. Hirowatari, Y. Nasu, M. Wang, 2011. A revision of the Monopis monachella species complex (Lepidoptera: Tineidae) from China. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 63(1): 1–14.
Internet References
Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 1905, Vol. 31: American Lepidoptera by William G. Dietz, pp. 31-33.
Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, 1923, Memoir #68: Lepidoptera of New York and Neighboring States.