Distinctive red color of the female. Tridentate mandible with the middle tooth being longest.
native to the Mediterranean, adventive in NA (NJ-PA) (map
Feed mostly on Centaurea
pollen (a non-native plant, introduced from Europe, like the bee itself). Adults drink nectar of a variety of sources. The Hosts section on its Discover Life species page
lists known floral associations based on specimen records and images.
Univoltine (one generation per year) and over-winter as prepupae inside cocoons. Detailed description of larval development and nesting biology here
Non-native. First discovered in this country in Phillipsburg, Warren County, NJ in 1978.
The second time this species was recorded in the United States was on July 7, 2007 at the Lehigh Gap Nature Center in Lehigh Gap, Lehigh County, PA. This discovery led to a regional search for this destructive species.
This wood-boring bee is capable of chewing through vinyl siding. It is a solitary bee, but they tend to construct nests near each other and thus cause extensive damage.
R.B. Roberts (1978) The nesting biology, behavior and immature stages of Lithurge chrysurus
, an adventitious wood-boring bee in New Jersey (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). J. Kans. Ent. Soc. 51(4): 735-745 (Abstract
R.W. Rust, G. Cambon, J.-P. Torre Grossa, B.E. Vaissière (2004) Nesting biology and foraging ecology of the wood-boring bee Lithurgus chrysurus
(Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). J. Kans. Ent. Soc. 77(3): 269-279 (Abstract
Rozen, Jerome George (2013) Larval development and nesting biology of the adventive wood-nesting bee Lithurgus (L.) chrysurus Fonscolombe (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae, Lithurgini). American Museum novitates, 0003-0082 ; no. 3774 (Abstract
J. Kansas Entomol.Soc
. Nesting Biology and Ecology