Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Acridium clavuliger Serville
, 1839. Type locality: "l'Ameriue septentrionale"
Caloptenus floridianus Thomas, 1874. Type locality: Florida
Paroxya recta S.H. Scudder, 1877. Type locality: Georgia, and Enterprise, Florida
Pezotettix hoosieri Blatchley, 1892. Type locality: Vigo County, Indiana
Paroxya floridana (Thomas) Beutenmüller, 1894
Paroxya clavuliger (Serville) Rehn, 1916
Paroxya clavuliger hoosieri (Blatchley) Blatchley, 1920
Paroxya hoosieri (Blatchley) Hebard, 1934
Explanation of Names
Probably from Latin clavula- "little club" + Latin ger- "bearer": the phrase "petite massue" ("little club") is used in the key couplet for the species in the original description, apparently referring to the shape of the cerci. Derivation from clavulus-"little nail" or similar words can't be ruled out on linguistic grounds, though.
male: 20-33 mm, female: 29-46 mm
Greenish to greenish-black with dark stripe through eye. Long antennae, especially in males. Hind tibiae are bluish green. Larger than P. atlanticus. In male P. clavuliger antennae are longer than hind femora, while shorter in P. atlanticus.
Distinguished from Melanoplus by longer pronotum and antennae. However, Melanoplus gracilis is very similar, differing primarily in having very short wings. See print references.
Eastern North America; southern Ontario to Maine, and south to the Gulf Coast from Texas to Florida.
Usually wet areas with lush herbaceous growth, such as near the edge of ponds and marshes, including salt marshes.
Adults found July-October in northern part of range. Found April-December in Florida. July-frost (North Carolina).
Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Orthoptères, 1839, p.676
Audinet-Serville's original description of the species (in French).