Explanation of Names
Hyperaspis lateralis Mulsant
lateralis (L). 'of the side'
A black lady beetle with 1 to 3 red or yellow spots on each elytron (wing cover). The spot pattern is highly variable
, but there is usually a subhumeral spot (at the outer edge) that extends from the base to approximately 2/5 the length of the elytron. (2)
In almost all instances a sizeable population of H. lateralis contains 2 or more variants.
On females, the pronotum is entirely black. Males have a narrow yellow border on the front and sides of the pronotum.
w NA to LA (CA-LA-AB-BC) / Mex., plus FL - Map (2)(3)(4)
most abundant Hyperaspis
in Alberta (1)
Gordon (1985) states that there is no doubt that the Florida and Louisiana specimens are H. lateralis
even though they are widely disjunct from the normal distribution pattern. (2)
Homoptera, including mealybugs and scale insects.
Eggs are laid singly on bark or twigs near mealybug or scale insect colonies. In the spring this species goes through four larval instars - the usual number for lady beetles. In the fall, it can speed up metamorphosis by going through only three larval instars (MacKenzie, 1932).
, occurring only in Arizona, may also have a long subhumeral spot; however, both males and females have broad yellow markings on the pronotum.
Bellows, T.S. and T.W. Fisher. 1999. Handbook of Biological Control: Principles and Applications of Biological Control. Academic Press, San Diego. 1046 pp. (esp. p. 440)
MacKenzie, H.L. 1932. The biology and feeding habits of Hyperaspis lateralis Mulsant (Coleoptera-Coccinellidae). University of California Publications in Entomology 6: 9-20.
Mulsant, M.E. 1850. Species de Coleopteres trimeres securipalpes. Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 2: 1-1104. (p. 657