Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

See Moth submissions from National Moth Week 2023

Photos of insects and people from the 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico, July 20-24

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Photos of insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Previous events


Genus Galerita - False Bombardier Beetles

Another opinion... - Galerita bicolor Ground beetle 10.05.10 - Galerita bicolor Galerita bicolor Galerita janus Galerita bicolor? - Galerita bicolor Galerita bicolor Ground Beetle - Galerita Ground Beetle - Galerita bicolor
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Adephaga
Family Carabidae (Ground Beetles)
Subfamily Harpalinae
Supertribe Harpalitae
Tribe Galeritini
Genus Galerita (False Bombardier Beetles)
Other Common Names
Slender Ground Beetles
Explanation of Names
Galerita Fabricius 1801
Latin galeritus 'wearing fur hat'
8 spp. in our area (all but G. aequinoctialis in the subg. Progaleritina), ~90 total(1)
17-25 mm
Compare head shapes of G. bicolor vs. G. janus:

keys to spp. in(2)(3)
worldwide except the Australian region, but not far north (and only in the Pacific part of the Palearctic); in NA, transcontinental in the south and along the Mississippi Basin north to MB in the west and MA in the east; G. bicolor and G. janus are widespread eastern species; G. lecontei across so. US (the only sp. ranging into CA) and Mexico(1)
Open woodlands, under stones, leaves. Come to lights, sometimes wander into houses.
Much of year in south. In SC, G. bicolor Feb-Dec, G. janus Apr-Dec, G. lecontei Apr-Aug + Nov
Life Cycle
Eggs are deposited in a purse-shaped mud cell on the underside of smooth leaves; this behavior + the distinctive larva suggest an unusual way of life(1)
Caution: These beetles have chemical defenses (see Rossini et al. 1997)
Print References
King J.L. (1919) Notes on the biology of the carabid genera Brachynus, Galerita and Chlaenius. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 12: 382-390.
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume I: Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia
Arnett, R.H., Jr., and M. C. Thomas. (eds.). 2000. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.A monographic revision of the American Galeritini (Coleoptera: Carabidae)
Reichardt H. 1967. Arquivos de Zoologia 15(1-2): 1-176.
3.Synopsis of the species of subgenus Progaleritina Jeannel, including reconstructed phylogeny and geographical history...
Ball G.E., Nimmo A.P. 1983. Trans. Am. Ent. Soc. 109: 295-356.