Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

Discussion of 2018 gathering

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington


Genus Galerita - False Bombardier Beetles

Galerita atripes False Bombardier Beetle - Galerita janus Galerita - Galerita bicolor Galerita Galerita? - Galerita lecontei Galerita? - Galerita lecontei Galerita mexicana? - Galerita 14June2017.UF.P.Coleo1 - Galerita
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Adephaga (Ground and Water Beetles)
Family Carabidae (Ground Beetles)
Subfamily Harpalinae
Supertribe Harpalitae
Tribe Galeritini
Genus Galerita (False Bombardier Beetles)
Other Common Names
Slender Ground Beetles
Explanation of Names
Galerita Fabricius 1801
Latin galeritus 'wearing fur hat'
8 spp. in our area (all but G. aequinoctialis in the subg. Progaleritina) (1) (ca. 90 spp. worldwide)
17-25 mm
Compare head shapes of G. bicolor vs. G. janus:

key to the three SC spp. in(2)
worldwide except the Australian region, but not far north (and only in the Pacific part of the Palearctic); in NA, transcontinental in the south and along the Mississippi Basin north to MB in the west and MA in the east; G. bicolor and G. janus are widespread eastern species; G. lecontei is found in so. and sw. US (the only sp. ranging into CA) and Mexico(1)
Open woodlands, under stones, leaves. Come to lights, sometimes wander into houses.
Much of year in south. In SC, G. bicolor Feb-Dec, G. janus Apr-Dec, G. lecontei Apr-Aug + Nov
Adults eat other insects, especially caterpillars(3)
Life Cycle
Eggs are deposited in a purse-shaped mud cell on the underside of smooth leaves; this behavior + the distinctive larva suggest an unusual way of life(1)
Caution: These beetles have chemical defenses (see Rossini et al. 1997)
in NC, G. janus is common in the mountains and G. bicolor occurs mostly at lower elevations(4)
Print References
Ball G.E., Nimmo A.P. (1983) Synopsis of the species of subgenus Proglaeritina Jeannel, including reconstructed phylogeny and geographical history (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Galerita Fabricius). Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 109(4): 295-356.
King J.L. (1919) Notes on the biology of the carabid genera Brachynus, Galerita and Chlaenius. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 12: 382-390.
Reichardt H. (1967) A monographic revision of the American Galeritini (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Arquives de Zoologia 25: 1-176.
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume I: Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia
Arnett, R.H., Jr., and M. C. Thomas. (eds.). 2000. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.Ground Beetles and Wrinkled Bark Beetles of South Carolina
Janet Ciegler. 2000. Clemson University.
3.How to Know the Beetles
Ross H. Arnett, N. M. Downie, H. E. Jaques. 1980. Wm. C. Brown Publishers.
4.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.