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Mallophaga (Chewing Lice)

Dog biting lice - Trichodectes canis Bird louse - Brueelia brunneinucha - female Louse - Chelopistes meleagridis Duck Louse Feather louse on Harlan's Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis ssp. harlani)  Craspedorrhynchus Endoparasitic Louse - Craspedorrhynchus Chicken Shaft Louse - Menopon sp. Chicken Body Louse Nymph - Menacanthus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Psocodea (Barklice, Booklice, and Parasitic Lice)
No Taxon (Phthiraptera (Parasitic Lice))
No Taxon Mallophaga (Chewing Lice)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
=Lipoptera Shipley 1904
0.5-6 mm, rarely up to 10 mm(1)
on hosts only; die fast outside host body
Parasites of birds and mammals. Most specialize on only one or a few species of hosts.
Life Cycle
Eggs are attached to the hair or feathers of the host by a drop of waterproof glue. Larvae hatch from the eggs and join the adults in feeding. They molt as they grow but change little in aspect: paurometablolous
Some are important pests of domestic animals, especially poultry(1)
Attach themselves to the bodies of hippoboscid flies that parasitize birds; this carries this lice from host to host.(2)
Internet References
Photos of common nearctic spp.
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Insect Behavior
Robert W. Matthews and Janice R. Matthews. 1988. Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co.