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Species Tetraopes femoratus - Red-femured Milkweed Borer

Tetraopes texanus - Tetraopes femoratus Tetraopes femoratus? - Tetraopes femoratus Red-femured Milkweed Longhorn - Tetraopes femoratus Tetraopes femoratus LeConte - Tetraopes femoratus Tetraopes femoratus?  - Tetraopes femoratus Red femured milkweed borer - Tetraopes femoratus Cerambycidae: Tetraopes femoratus - Tetraopes femoratus Red-femured Milkweed Borer? - Tetraopes femoratus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Longhorn and Leaf Beetles)
Family Cerambycidae (Longhorn Beetles)
Subfamily Lamiinae (Flat-faced Longhorn Beetles)
Tribe Tetraopini
Genus Tetraopes (Milkweed Longhorn Beetles)
Species femoratus (Red-femured Milkweed Borer)
Explanation of Names
Tetraopes femoratus LeConte 1847
8-19 mm(1)
edges of mid-pronotal callus sharply defined(1); the most variable member of the genus(2)
ON-BC(3) to AL & n Mexico(2)(4)
Asclepias fascicularis, A. hallii, A. lemmonii, A. longifolia var. hirtella, A. meadii, A. speciosa, A. syriaca, A. viridis(2)(5)(6)(7)(8)
Life Cycle
Larvae bore into stems and overwinter in roots. Pupation occurs in spring, and adults emerge in mid to late summer(9)
Print References
Works Cited
1.Field Guide to Northeastern Longhorned Beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
Douglas Yanega. 1996. Illinois Natural History Survey.
2.The Cerambycidae of North America, Part VII, No. 2: ... subfamily Lamiinae, tribes Acanthocinini through Hemilophini.
E. Gorton Linsley & John A. Chemsak. 1995. University of California Publications in Entomology 114: 1-292.
3.Checklist of beetles (Coleoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Second edition
Bousquet Y., Bouchard P., Davies A.E., Sikes D.S. 2013. ZooKeys 360: 1–402.
4.Disjunct distribution of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) in the black belt prairie and Jackson prairie in Mississippi and Alabama.
Schiefer, T.L. 1998. Coleopterists Bulletin 52(3): 278-284.
5.The timing of insect/plant diversification: might Tetraopes (Col.: Cerambycidae) and Asclepias (Asclepiadaceae) have co-evolved?
Farrell B.D., Mitter C. 1998. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 63: 553–577.
6.Survey of Coleoptera collected on the common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca, at one site in Ohio
Dailey, P.J., R.C. Graves and J.M. Kingsolver. 1978. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 32(3): 223-229.
7.Insect herbivores of 12 milkweed (Asclepias) species.
Betz, R.F., W.R. Rommel & J.J. Dichtl. 2000. Pp. 7-19. In: C. Warwick (ed.). Proceedings of the 15th North American Prairie Conference, Natural Areas Association, Bend, OR.
8.Biological and distributional observations on Cerambycidae from the southwestern United States.
Rice, M.E., R.H. Turnbow, Jr. & F.T. Hovore. 1985. The Coleopterists Bulletin 39(1): 18-24.
9.Cerambycidae of North Dakota
Guy A. Hanley. 2005. Minot State University.
10.Milkweed, Monarchs and More: A Field Guide to the Invertebrate Community in the Milkweed Patch
Ba Rea, Karen Oberhauser, Michael Quinn. 2003. Bas Relief Publishing Group.