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Species Rudenia leguminana - Black-tipped Rudenia Moth - Hodges#3839

3835 Black-tipped Rudenia Moth ??? - Rudenia leguminana Black-tipped Rudenia Moth - Hodges #3839 (Rudenia leguminana) - Rudenia leguminana Rudenia leguminana Rudenia leguminana Rudenia leguminana? - Rudenia leguminana #3839 - Rudenia leguminana? - Rudenia leguminana Black-tipped Rudenia Moth - Rudenia leguminana Rudenia leguminana? - Rudenia leguminana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Cochylini
Genus Rudenia
Species leguminana (Black-tipped Rudenia Moth - Hodges#3839)
Hodges Number
3839
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Rudenia leguminana (Busck, 1907)
Phalonia leguminana Busck, 1907 (1)
Phtheochroa leguminana
Number 3835 in the 1983 Hodges Checklist.
Explanation of Names
From Latin legumen- "pod, type of plant that has pods". The type specimens were found feeding in pods as larvae and were reared to adulthood.
Size
Forewing length 6-7 mm. (2)
Range
Southern Connecticut to Florida, and from the midwestern U.S. to California. Common in the arid southwest (Brown et al., 2011).
Food
Larvae have been reared on a variety of Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) throughout the Americas, including Acacias, Locusts, Mesquites, and Palo Verdes. Known hosts present in the U.S. include Honey Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) and Mexican Palo Verde (Parkinsonia aculeata) (Brown et al., 2011). Busck (1907) reported larvae feeding on pods of Honey Locust (Gleditsia japonica [=Gleditschia horrida]).
Remarks
Rudenia leguminana is a complex, see Brown et al. (2011) in Print References below. As of 11/28/2018, BOLD shows 9 BINs forming a single branch in the taxon tree as follows:
BOLD:ACF0688 - 26 specimens from AZ, NM, CA
BOLD:AAA9782 - 22 specimens from OK (includes those by Mark Dreiling), TX, KS, LA, VA (near type locality, Washington D.C.), FL
BOLD:ABY4572 - 3 specimens from Guatemala
BOLD:AAA9778 - 3 specimens from Venezuela
BOLD:ACF0686 - 2 specimens from Mexico
BOLD:ACE9499 - 1 specimens from Mexico
BOLD:AAH4810 - 3 specimens from AZ (similar to USNM and Carol Wolf images at MPG)
BOLD:AAA9779 - 1 specimens from Venezuela
BOLD:ABZ6331 - 2 specimens from Costa Rica
Print References
Brown, J.W., R. Segura, Q. Santiago-Jiménez, J. Rota, T.A. Heard 2011. Tortricid moths reared from the invasive weed Mexican Palo Verde, Parkinsonia aculeata, with comments on their host specificity, biology, geographic distribution, and systematics. Journal of Insect Science 11 (7): 1-17, f.9
Busck, A., 1907. A review of the Tortricid subfamily Phaloniinae with descriptions of new American species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 15: 28. (1)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America, Pl.20.15f; p.158