Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes



presocial, presociality

Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
No Taxon (Glossary)
No Taxon (P)
No Taxon presocial, presociality
presocial adjective, noun presociality - a phenomenon in which animals exhibit more than just sexual interactions with members of the same species, but fall short of qualifying as eusocial. Presocial animals can display communal living, cooperative care of young, or some reproductive division of labor, but they do not display all three of those traits (Wikipedia--Presociality) (1). Further classifications of presocial behavior include:
1-parasocial - a condition where individuals (females) cooperate in care of young, or there is division of labor in reproduction, and/or overlap of generations. Parasocial behavior may be further classified as:
2-subsocial - behavior where a parent (typically a female, but sometimes both male and females) remains with, protects and/or feeds immature offspring, but usually leaves or dies before they mature.
See Also
Print References
Gordh and Headrick (2001)--entries for presocial, etc. (1)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.A Dictionary of Entomology
George Gordh, David H. Headrick. 2003. CABI Publishing.