Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Photos of insects and people from the 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico, July 20-24

National Moth Week was July 23-31, 2022! See moth submissions.

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Photos of insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12


Previous events


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Superfamily Platygastroidea

wasp - Trimorus tiny wasp - Synopeas Chlaenius egg parasitoid - Trimorus Wasp Small Wasp - Trimorus Tiniest fly I've ever seen - Trissolcus Parasitic micro-wasp? tiny wasp? on fungus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Platygastroidea
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Formerly treated in Proctotrupoidea
Scelionidae has been split from Platygastridae.
Numbers
Seven extant families, three of which are found in North America:



Size
0.45-4 mm(1)
Identification
Forewings with 2 or fewer cells enclosed by tubular veins, without a tubular vein (C absent) on basal part of anterior margin (a vein may occur on apical half of anterior margin); sometimes fore wing with no venation at all. Head without dark H-shaped mark. Toruli usually closer to each other than to eyes. Hind wing not stalked. Pronotum in lateral view usually extending posteriorly to tegula (most Chalcidoidea have the pronotum separated from the tegula laterally by a prepectus). Antennal bases inserted very close to mouth. Pronotum in dorsal view U-shaped. Metasomal segment 1 in dorsal view subrectangular anteriorly. Metasomal segment 2 or 3 sometimes elongated.
If wings reduced or absent, pronotum in lateral view extending to tegula; antennal bases inserted very close to mouth; metasoma with 6-8 visible terga; antennal scape at least 5 times as long as wide; body under 3 mm long; some with metasoma usually lens-shaped in cross section, wider than high, with sides usually sharply angulate; others have the antennae with 5 flagellomeres, the vertex separated from occiput by acute and carinate angle, and the eyes large, nearly touching posterior carinate angle of head (2).

A key to the families of Platygastroidea can be found in Chen et al. 2021 (below)
Range
Widespread
Habitat
Commonly found in moist areas.
Print References
Murphy N.P., Carey D., Castro L., Dowton M., Austin A.D. (2007) Phylogeny of the platygastroid wasps (Hymenoptera) based on sequences from the 18S rRNA , 28S rRNA and CO1 genes: implications for classification and the evolution of host relationships. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 91: 653-669.

Chen, H., Lahey, Z., Talamas, E.J., Valerio, A.A., Popovici, O.A., Musetti, L., Klompen, H., Polaszek, A., Masner, L., Austin, A.D. and Johnson, N.F. (2021), An integrated phylogenetic reassessment of the parasitoid superfamily Platygastroidea (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupomorpha) results in a revised familial classification. Syst Entomol, 46: 1088-1113. https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12511
Internet References
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families
Goulet H., Huber J., eds. 1993. Agriculture Canada Publication 1894/E. 668 pp.