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Subfamily Ponerinae

Ponera pennsylvanica Formicidae - Hypoponera opacior Ponerine indoors - Ponera pennsylvanica - female Ant - Ponera pennsylvanica Hypoponera opacior - Hypoponera - female Unknown Ant Hypoponera opaciceps Hypoponera inexorata - Hypoponera opacior - female
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Formicoidea (Ants)
Family Formicidae (Ants)
Subfamily Ponerinae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Explanation of Names
see Ponera
All ponerine females and workers have the ancestral 12-segmented antennae, males 13-segmented.
2.5-13 mm
Most tropical or subtropical, Ponera extends to southeastern Canada, Hypoponera also extends to SE Canada but only indoors, and Pachycondyla chinensis has been discovered in New York and Wisconsin.
Typically nest in soil, forest litter, or rotting logs.
Predacious. Some are specialist predators, such as the two US Leptogenys spp., which prey on terrestrial isopods, and Gnamptogeys which may be a specialist on certain millipedes.
Life Cycle
Most ponerines live in small colonies of a few dozen to 200 or so workers. Reproduction is usually by means of winged sexuals mating outside of the nest, and the females founding a new colony in a small nest, from which she occasionally forages for prey for her larvae. Some genera have either reproductive females (Leptogenys) or males (some Hypoponera) wingless, with modified repoduction. See genera for details.
Males of some species do not have elbowed antennae and resemble braconid wasps.