Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

Photos of insects and people from the 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico, July 20-24

National Moth Week was July 23-31, 2022! See moth submissions.

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Photos of insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Previous events


Subfamily Ponerinae

Fire Ant? - Brachyponera chinensis Neoponera villosa (Fabricius) - Neoponera villosa - female ant - Odontomachus Small, ground dwelling ant - Ponera pennsylvanica Odontomachus - male Odontomachus ruginodis - female Brachyponera chinensis - male Ponera exotica
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Formicoidea (Ants)
Family Formicidae (Ants)
Subfamily Ponerinae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Explanation of Names
see Ponera
All ponerine females and workers have the ancestral 12-segmented antennae, males 13-segmented.
2.5-13 mm
Most tropical or subtropical, Ponera extends to southeastern Canada, Hypoponera also extends to SE Canada but only indoors, and Pachycondyla chinensis has been discovered in New York and Wisconsin.
Typically nest in soil, forest litter, or rotting logs.
Predacious. Some are specialist predators, such as the two US Leptogenys spp., which prey on terrestrial isopods, and Gnamptogeys which may be a specialist on certain millipedes.
Life Cycle
Most ponerines live in small colonies of a few dozen to 200 or so workers. Reproduction is usually by means of winged sexuals mating outside of the nest, and the females founding a new colony in a small nest, from which she occasionally forages for prey for her larvae. Some genera have either reproductive females (Leptogenys) or males (some Hypoponera) wingless, with modified repoduction. See genera for details.
Males of some species do not have elbowed antennae and resemble braconid wasps.