Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
All ponerine females and workers have the ancestral 12-segmented antennae, males 13-segmented.
Most tropical or subtropical, Ponera extends to southeastern Canada, Hypoponera also extends to SE Canada but only indoors, and Pachycondyla chinensis has been discovered in New York and Wisconsin.
Typically nest in soil, forest litter, or rotting logs.
Predacious. Some are specialist predators, such as the two US Leptogenys spp., which prey on terrestrial isopods, and Gnamptogeys which may be a specialist on certain millipedes.
Most ponerines live in small colonies of a few dozen to 200 or so workers. Reproduction is usually by means of winged sexuals mating outside of the nest, and the females founding a new colony in a small nest, from which she occasionally forages for prey for her larvae. Some genera have either reproductive females (Leptogenys) or males (some Hypoponera) wingless, with modified repoduction. See genera for details.
Males of some species do not have elbowed antennae and resemble braconid wasps.