Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Upcoming Events

See Moth submissions from National Moth Week 2023

Photos of insects and people from the 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico, July 20-24

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Photos of insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Previous events


Species Junonia neildi - Mangrove Buckeye - Hodges#4442.1

Mangrove Buckeye - Junonia neildi - male Mangrove Buckeye - Junonia neildi - female A Type of Satyr? - Junonia neildi - male Mangrove Buckeye (Junonia genoveva)) - Junonia neildi - male Tropical or Mangrove buckeye ? - Junonia neildi Mangrove Buckeye? - Junonia neildi Mangrove Buckeye - Junonia neildi Mangrove Buckeye? - Junonia neildi
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Nymphalinae (Crescents, Checkerspots, Anglewings, etc.)
Tribe Junoniini
Genus Junonia (Buckeyes)
Species neildi (Mangrove Buckeye - Hodges#4442.1)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Junonia neildi Brévignon, 2004
Junonia neildi neildi Brévignon, 2004
Junonia neildi varia Grishin, 2020 (1)
    Junonia litoralis of authors not Brévignon, 2009 (n. syn. of J. n. varia (1))
Explanation of Names
Junonia neildi Brévignon, 2004, formerly a subspecies of Junonia genoveva (Cramer, 1780), is elevated to full species status in Brévignon (2009). The subspecies J. n. varia Grishin, 2020 replaces teh names litoralis and genoveva in Texas. The species genoveva and litoralis are now treated as extralimital north of Mexico in Cong et al. (2020).
50-55mm wingspan
Dorsal, brown with eyespots on both FW and HW. Compare with Common Buckeye and Tropical Buckeye.
Ventral, brownish with indistinct markings. Compare with Common Buckeye, and Tropical Buckeye.
USA: Florida (neildi); coastal south Texas (varia).
Type locality (J. n. neildi): Guadeloupe.
Type locality (J. n. varia): Goose Island State Park, Aransas Co., TX.
Black mangrove swamps and adjacent clearings.
All year, with multiple broods.
Black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans) - Acanthaceae
Classification of taxa in the genus Junonia occurring in North America was revised in Cong et al. (2020) (1). This revision is followed here at BugGuide. It is unclear how universally those findings have been accepted. The notes from prior to this publication are preserved below:
Many sources will have Mangrove Buckeye (J. genoveva), and Tropical Buckeye (J.evarete) reversed. See comments regarding this confusion under the Info section for the genus Junonia.
note that the names Junonia evarete and Junonia genoveva are reversed in some of the references cited (and the distributional data is confused at the Nearctica web site); so, look at the common name (Mangrove Buckeye) to find this one. However, the information given is still helpful.
Print References
Brévignon, C., 2004. Description de deux nouvelle sous-espèces Guadeloupeennes du genere Junonia Hübner, 1819 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Nymphalinae). Lambillionea, 104: 72-80.
Brévignon, C., 2009. Nouvelles observations sur le genre Junonia en Guyane Française. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) Première Partie. Lambillionea, 109: 3-7.
(2) (3) (4)
Works Cited
1.Speciation in North American Junonia from a genomic perspective
Cong, Q., J. Zhang, J. Shen, X. Cao, C. Brévignon, N.V. Grishin. 2020. Systematic Entomology, 45(4): 1-35.
2.Butterflies of the East Coast : An Observer's Guide
Rick Cech, Guy Tudor. 2005. Princeton University Press.
3.Butterflies of North America (Kaufman Focus Guides)
Jim P. Brock, Kenn Kaufman. 2003. Houghton Mifflin Co.
4.Butterflies through Binoculars: Florida
Jeffrey Glassberg, Marc C. Minno, John V. Calhoun. 2000. Oxford Press.