Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Junonia neildi - Mangrove Buckeye - Hodges#4442.1

Mangrove Buckeye - Junonia neildi - male Mangrove Buckeye - Junonia neildi - female Mangrove Buckeye - Junonia neildi - female Tropical or Mangrove buckeye ? - Junonia neildi Butterfly - Junonia neildi - male - female Buckeye - Junonia neildi buckeye - Junonia neildi Brown spotted butterfly - Junonia neildi
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Nymphalinae (Crescents, Checkerspots, Anglewings, etc.)
Tribe Junoniini
Genus Junonia (Buckeyes)
Species neildi (Mangrove Buckeye - Hodges#4442.1)
Hodges Number
4442.1
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Junonia neildi Brévignon, 2004
Junonia neildi neildi Brévignon, 2004
Junonia neildi varia Grishin, 2020 (1)
    Junonia litoralis of authors not Brévignon, 2009 (n. syn. of J. n. varia (1))
Explanation of Names
Junonia neildi Brévignon, 2004, formerly a subspecies of Junonia genoveva (Cramer, 1780), is elevated to full species status in Brévignon (2009). The subspecies J. n. varia Grishin, 2020 replaces teh names litoralis and genoveva in Texas. The species genoveva and litoralis are now treated as extralimital north of Mexico in Cong et al. (2020).
Size
50-55mm wingspan
Identification
Dorsal, brown with eyespots on both FW and HW. Compare with Common Buckeye and Tropical Buckeye.
Ventral, brownish with indistinct markings. Compare with Common Buckeye, and Tropical Buckeye.
Range
USA: Florida (neildi); coastal south Texas (varia).
Type locality (J. n. neildi): Guadeloupe.
Type locality (J. n. varia): Goose Island State Park, Aransas Co., TX.
Habitat
Black mangrove swamps and adjacent clearings.
Season
All year, with multiple broods.
Food
Black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans) - Acanthaceae
Remarks
Classification of taxa in the genus Junonia occurring in North America was revised in Cong et al. (2020) (1). This revision is followed here at BugGuide. It is unclear how universally those findings have been accepted. The notes from prior to this publication are preserved below:
Many sources will have Mangrove Buckeye (J. genoveva), and Tropical Buckeye (J.evarete) reversed. See comments regarding this confusion under the Info section for the genus Junonia.
note that the names Junonia evarete and Junonia genoveva are reversed in some of the references cited (and the distributional data is confused at the Nearctica web site); so, look at the common name (Mangrove Buckeye) to find this one. However, the information given is still helpful.
Print References
Brévignon, C., 2004. Description de deux nouvelle sous-espèces Guadeloupeennes du genere Junonia Hübner, 1819 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Nymphalinae). Lambillionea, 104: 72-80.
Brévignon, C., 2009. Nouvelles observations sur le genre Junonia en Guyane Française. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) Première Partie. Lambillionea, 109: 3-7.
(2) (3) (4)
Works Cited
1.Speciation in North American Junonia from a genomic perspective
Cong, Q., J. Zhang, J. Shen, X. Cao, C. Brévignon, N.V. Grishin. 2020. Systematic Entomology, 45(4): 1-35.
2.Butterflies of the East Coast : An Observer's Guide
Rick Cech, Guy Tudor. 2005. Princeton University Press.
3.Butterflies of North America (Kaufman Focus Guides)
Jim P. Brock, Kenn Kaufman. 2003. Houghton Mifflin Co.
4.Butterflies through Binoculars: Florida
Jeffrey Glassberg, Marc C. Minno, John V. Calhoun. 2000. Oxford Press.