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Subfamily Ichneumoninae

Wasp? - Limonethe maurator Ichneumonid 9 - Gnamptopelta obsidianator - Gnamptopelta obsidianator - male Ichneumonidae IMG_5997 - male Ichneumon Wasp - male unknown wasp - Coelichneumon ichneumon wasp? Ichneumonidae Trogus Pennator - Trogus pennator
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" (parasitoid Apocrita))
Superfamily Ichneumonoidea (Braconid and Ichneumonid Wasps)
Family Ichneumonidae (Ichneumonid Wasps)
Subfamily Ichneumoninae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Heresiarchini, Ichneumonini, Protichneumonini
Second largest ichneumonid subfamily, with ~700 spp. in 90 genera of 8 tribes in our area and ~400 genera in 16 tribes worldwide(1)(2)
Colorful appearance, dorsoventrally depressed abdomen (flattened from top to bottom, wider than high), long propodeum, pentagonal areolet (small cell in the centre of the fore wing; second submarginal cell), and large size. Truncate clypeus exposing the labium. The sexes are quite different in most species.
Key to tribes in(3)



Adults feed on honey dew of aphids and on certain plant foliage.
Life Cycle
All individuals of this subfamily are internal parasites of the order Lepidoptera. Although females lay one egg into either larvae or pupae, the offspring always emerge from the pupa. Ichneumoninae are endoparasitic idiobionts. An idiobiont has a wide range of hosts and it eats, kills, or paralyzes the host immediately after oviposition therefore resulting in no continuation of development. An endoparasite feeds internally on its host whereas an ectoparasite feeds externally. Female Ichneumoninae look for hosts on the ground and have short ovipositors, possibly as a result of their host usually being a naked larvae. Typically, adult females hibernate and search for hosts in the spring.(4)
Adults dislike intense heat and sunlight and not usually found during the middle of the day.
The missing tribe(1)(2): Ischnojoppini (Ethiopian, Oriental + New World; 3 genera, 1 represented in our area by 2 spp.)
Print References
Heinrich, G.H. 1977. Ichneumoninae of Florida and neighboring states. Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Areas. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Contribution 400, 19: 1–350. (5)